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creatine phosphokinase (cpk/ck mb/bb/mm) Test

Creatine phosphokinase (CPK/CK MB/BB/MM)

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what is ck and cpk?

Creatine Kinase (CK) also referred to as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) or phosphocreatine kinase is an enzyme in the body that causes the phosphorylation of creatine. Creatine kinase (CK) is found in the skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, brain, bladder, stomach and colon.

The  CPK levels can be elevated by muscle diseases or muscle necrosis. CPK leaks into the blood when a muscles tissue is damaged, and as such high levels of CPK is indicative of stress or injury to the heart or other muscles. CK enzymes comprises of two subunits, which is CK (B) brain type and CK (M) muscles type.   

what is cpk test?

A Creatine Phosphokinase or CPK test determines the levels of enzymes in the blood stream. The CPK test usually administered in the following cases;

  • To help diagnose a heart attack
  • To ascertain the cause of chest pain
  • To assess the extent of damage to heart or muscle tissue
  • To determine muscular dystrophy.

The varied diseases diagnosed with the help of a CPK test are as follows;

  • Dermatomyositis
  • Polymyositis
  • Malignant hyperthermia
  • Other conditions related to muscle breakdown.

how to prepare for cpk test?

CPK blood test is just like other blood tests and does not require any fasting prior to the test nor does it have any special requirement. However, a person needs to intimidate the doctor regarding any prescription medication or special drugs they are taking. Certain types of medications interfere with the proper CPK  testing like;

  • Cholesterol lowering drugs
  • Steroids
  • Anaesthetics
  • Amphotericin B
  • Alcohol
  • Cocaine

Few other factors that can cause elevated levels of CPK are as follows;

cpk test procedure

CPK blood test is a very small procedure takes hardly five minutes to collect the blood sample from a vein in the forearm. After that the blood sample is sent for testing so that the levels CPK can be determined. 

In a few cases  the doctor can ask for a CPK retest to check whether the CPK levels have changed to help with the diagnosis.

cpk test side effects

CPK blood test is a relatively safe procedure and side effects if any are rare and mild ones. Some of the side effects that can be related to CPK test are;

  • Soreness at the site of injection 
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Infection at the puncture site

what is cpk normal value?

CPK blood tests the different forms of CPK in the bloodstream and the CPK normal range varies from a male to female.

The CPK normal range for a male is between 39 – 308 U/L, while in females the CPK normal range is between 26 – 192 U/L.

cpk test results interpretation

Elevated levels of CPK 1, mainly found in the brain, could be indicative of the following conditions;

  • Brain injury due to stroke or bleeding in the brain
  • Seizure
  • Brain cancer
  • Pulmonary Infar ction or death of lung tissue

Elevated levels of CPK 2, primarily found in the heart, could be due to the following conditions;

  • Injury to the heart
  • Inflammation of the heart
  • Electrical Injury
  • Heart attack

Elevated levels of CPK 3, primarily found in the skeletal muscle, could be a sign of the following;

  • Muscles inflammation
  • Muscles crush injury
  • Muscle damage due to illegal drug use
  • Muscle Dystrophy
  • Seizures
  • Muscle Trauma
  • Electromyography

CPK test results vary from person to person and the type of injury causing the rise of CPK levels.

cpk test cost

CPK test cost are variable and are depended upon varied factors like city, town, quality and availability.

The CPK test cost usually average on the cheaper side and can be afforded by anyone. 

how can we help?

CPK blood test is a small 5 minute procedure and for such minuscule procedure you have to travel and wait for your chance, which is just a waste of one’s  precious time, and it is far better to avail at home CPK blood test, wherein the representative will come home and collect the blood sample, while you sit back and relax.

We offer competitively priced, superior quality and fully certified CPK test at home, all you need to do is give us a call and fix a time and date and our representative phlebotomist would visit you spot on time and collect the blood sample.

The CPK blood test results would then be made available for you to easily download it. So, don’t go wasting your time anymore and just contact us for CPK test or for that matter any other healthcare services.   

Understanding results ofCreatine phosphokinase (CPK/CK MB/BB/MM)

Reference RangeInterpretation
Adult Male21 to 232 IU/L**
Adult Female21 to 215 IU/L

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’