The vertebral column that protects our spinal cord is made of 33 vertebral bones. The top 24 vertebrae are separated from each other by 23 intervertebral discs. These discs cushion the vertebral bones and act as shock absorbers. They are also the ligaments that hold the spinal vertebrae together. The intervertebral discs are joints made of cartilage that allow a slight amount of mobility in the spine.
The intervertebral disc has two parts – a soft, gel-like inner potion called nucleus pulposus and a hard outer ring called annulus fibrosus. Weakness, old age and injury can cause the gel from the inner portion to leak through the hard outer ring. This is called a slipped disc or herniated disc. This can cause discomfort and severe pain. A herniated disc can put pressure on one of the spinal nerves, causing immense pain, tingling or numbness along that nerve.
A slipped disc can cause debilitating pain in the affected area. Slipped disc symptoms include:
The slipped disc meaning can vary depending on whether it is a herniated disc or a bulging disc. A herniated disc also called ruptured disc or prolapsed disc is when the disc has torn open due pressure from the vertebrae surrounding it, and the gel inside is leaking out. Herniated disc symptoms include pain and numbness in the back, arms, legs or buttocks depending on the location of the herniated disc. A bulging disc or disc protrusion is when the disc shifts out of its usual position, swells and protrudes through a gap in the spine.
Apart from this, slipped discs can be classified based on their location on the vertebral column, such as cervical, lumbar or thoracic.
Old age is a major cause of slipped disc in the back. The discs which contain 80% water at birth lose their water due to ageing and become stiffer. This makes the discs less adjustable to compression, causing herniated disc symptoms. Other causes of a slipped disc in the back are obesity, sedentary life, lack of exercise, injury, trauma, accidents, improper movements, and smoking. Lifting extremely heavy weights improperly can also cause slipped disc in the lower back.
To diagnose a slipped disc or herniated disc, the doctor will do a physical exam and check for the source of the pain, muscle strength and nerve function in the affected area. The doctor will also ask you when you first experienced herniated-disc symptoms and what physical activities aggravate your pain. The doctor will then ask you to get imaging scans such as X-ray, MRI, CT scan or discograms done to view the vertebral column and identify the problem area.
There are various options for treatment of a herniated disc or slipped disc. Some of these are:
Surgery is usually a last resort treatment option for herniated discs. Physiotherapy has been found to minimise pain and improve mobility in people with slipped disc. Herniated disc treatment at home can be done by our trained physiotherapists who are expertly trained and have the requisite skills to treat the symptoms and help with slipped disc recovery. Our physiotherapists can evaluate and develop an ideal plan that is suited to your specific requirements. They are experts in exercise therapy and kinesiology. Hence, they can help patients manage pain and restore physical mobility and function.
These slipped disc exercises can be done right in the comfort of your home with the help of our trained specialists. Herniated disc treatment at home is especially convenient for people who are in immense pain and cannot travel far for slipped disc therapy.
Our physical therapy experts can assist you with your slipped disc treatment at home by guiding you in doing specific low impact slipped disc exercises. Our in-home doctor and physiotherapy services can help in diagnosis your condition and suggesting a plan for herniated disc treatment at home. The herniated disc symptoms can be treated with low impact exercises that increase blood flow and help strengthen the muscles around the spine, thus restoring mobility and decreasing pain. Slipped disc therapy can help relieve pressure from the vertebral bones and nerves and lessen the pain. Slipped disc exercises if done incorrectly can cause serious complications which is why you need the guidance of our physiotherapists.
I had a serious L4 & L5 disc prolapse when I sought Portea’s physiotherapy. Thanks a lot to Dr. Amitava and Portea for their prompt service. Keep up the good work.
Co-founder & CEO at Swiggy
“I can’t thank Portea enough for helping me recuperate from an ACL surgery. Kudos to Dr. Amitava and Mangla my physiotherapist for the amazing counsel and attention! “
I am undergoing physiotherapy exercise sessions being conducted by Sri Vinay Chandra and very satisfied and impressed with the services rendered by him. His dedication towards the patient problems and understanding is much appreciated.