Haemoglobin electrophoresis test helps detect various types of Haemoglobin in the blood. Haemoglobin is a substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It comes in many normal and abnormal forms. Haemoglobin electrophoresis uses the principle of gel electrophoresis to separate out various types of Haemoglobin.
The most common type of Haemoglobin’s are:
Haemoglobin F: The normal type found in foetuses and newborns. It's replaced by Haemoglobin A soon after birth
Haemoglobin A: The normal type most commonly found in healthy kids and adults
Haemoglobin S, C, D, and E: are the abnormal Haemoglobin types
Production of too much of an abnormal type of Haemoglobin leads to blood disorders. Haemoglobin electrophoresis test detects the deficiency of normal Haemoglobin, abnormal levels of Haemoglobin S (Hbs) associated with sickle cell anaemia and abnormal Haemoglobin levels of Haemoglobin C associated with haemolytic anaemia.
Electrophoresis simply put is a separation technique used in clinical and research laboratories for the purpose of separating molecules according to their size and electrical charge in a fluid or gel under the influence of an electric field.
Types of Electrophoresis:
The various types of electrophoresis are as follows;
24 to 36 Hours
Haemoglobin electrophoresis analyses the various kinds of the oxygen-carrying protein (Haemoglobin) in the blood. This test is generally ordered to detect any diseases involving abnormal Haemoglobin production such as sickle cell diseases and thalassemia
Symptoms associated and screened are:
Preparatory instructions before the test *:
No Fasting Required.
No other special preparations required.
Specimen type: Serum
(Blood Sample) Specimen collection procedure: Venipuncture
(Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm)
The Haemoglobin Electrophoresis Test Cost is a tad expensive but, nothing too exorbitant. Moreover the Haemoglobin Electrophoresis Test Cost are quite variable and differ from one city to another.
Haemoglobin Electrophoresis lab test is a quite simple procedure, involving the collection of blood samples from a vein in the arms, and for such a basic procedure you don’t even need to step out of your house; our representative would visit you at your home and collect the required blood sample at the time and day of your convenience, and would also home deliver the Hb electrophoresis test results to you.
Our at – home healthcare services have won many rave reviews owing to our dedicated team of well experienced health professionals and patient centric approach. So just trust us for your Haemoglobin Electrophoresis Test and experience a high quality healthcare service delivered to you at your home.
|Diseases/conditions related to the hemoglobin electrophoresis test Hemoglobin C disease Rare hemoglobinopathy Sickle cell anemia Thalassemia||Male|
‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’.
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