The first six weeks are crucial for both the mother and the new born baby. The care that is given to both of them is known as postnatal care. The World Health Organization makes this particular care essential as the first few weeks are considered crucial for both mom and baby. There are various cases reporting maternal and neonatal deaths during postpartum, so the care starts immediately after the placenta is detached from the baby. It involves planning and reviewing on a regular basis by neonates, and they are the team of doctors, midwives and nurses. The first few weeks mark a new phase in the life of the family members of the baby and the commencing point to record the health of the miniature human being. Postnatal care at home can be given if the caregiver is confident and has considerable knowledge of medical help or first aid.
Postnatal care for the mother is critical as there are certain alarming emergencies or danger signs in every pregnancy. The signs to watch out in an expecting mother both before and after labour are:
Depression is a prevalent symptom seen in a majority of women post-delivery. Almost all the women face a mild depressive phase following birth, and they overcome it with their mental stability. But in some instances, it may be lasting for an extended period with the mother facing fatigue, sleeping difficulty, appetite problems and low energy. Neonates will differentiate a proper postnatal condition when the woman is continuously feeling depressed for two weeks. The other signs to look out for are consistently feeling low, sad, anxious and irritable, having negative feelings about both herself and the baby with changes in behaviour that seen to disrupt the usual routine.
Additionally, women may have difficulties performing the regular activities that they enjoy doing. Another significant symptom is pain and numbness without any apparent physical cause in any part of the body. This is the primary reason a woman needs postnatal care even if her labour and delivery are not complicated.
Babies immediately after their birth are at a high risk of facing many dangers like:
The signs mentioned above require immediate medical supervision, so it is better to take postnatal care and review the health of both mom and baby under an excellent health facility.
There are regular and usual routines conducted in every facility, and they are termed postnatal care procedures. They can also be termed as the postnatal care examples, which are:
For the Baby
For the Mother
The major postnatal problem faced by a newly delivered mother is depression. She will require additional emotional support to overcome it with ease. Counselling and activity are the fundamental and common steps required than oral medications. The postnatal care mother procedures are:
The first thing to do immediately after a baby is born is to register the birth details, and then the baby must be closely monitored for 24 hours. The postnatal care baby procedures are:
Keep the baby warm with extra layers of clothes. Breastfeeding is a challenging task for most babies as they may have difficulty swallowing. Babies with a low birth weight below 2500 grams, and twins require more care as their risk of infection is higher. Babies with a lower birth weight are seen to have problems with breastfeeding, and the mother will also need help to sort this out.
By taking proper care, all the family members including the new mom get used to and comfortable handling the baby with ease.
Content is medically reviewed by: Dr Renu Raina Sehgal (Advisory Panel, Portea), Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Robotic Surgery
Mother & Baby Care
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