We often think about this oft-used term and wonder what is Alzheimer’s disease? Alzheimer’s is a progressive degeneration of one’s brain that causes it to shrink in size and the brain cell’s death. One of the main causes of dementia, it impacts brain functions and interferes with a person’s ability to think, organise, communicate, and perform daily activities in the worst case.
While the exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is still unknown, it is mostly caused due to an excessive buildup of proteins such as Amyloid and Tau, around the brain cells. These proteins lead to toxicity, plaque buildup, and tangles within the brain cells. Besides this, other Alzheimer’s diseases causes may include:
Alzheimer’s disease progresses in three stages, known as mild, moderate, and severe, and affects everyone differently. The life expectancy averages between 4 to 8 years after the diagnosis, but some people have lived for as long as 20 years.
Alzheimer’s disease causes brain changes that primarily impact one’s memory, reasoning, judgement capability, thinking, planning, and performing tasks. These symptoms bring about a systematic change in personality and behaviour.
However, every affected person experiences different Alzheimer’s disease symptoms. This depends on the condition’s stage, age, and general health.
Here are the stage-wise signs of Alzheimer’s:
Mild or early-stage Alzheimer’s: At this stage of Alzheimer’s, the person still functions independently and their symptoms are not very apparent. But family members and close friends may still find something to be out of place in the person’s behaviour.
Middle-stage or moderate Alzheimer’s: This is the longest stage in which the damage to the brain cells increases. This leads to the person’s symptoms becoming more palpable.
Late-stage or severe Alzheimer’s: This is the stage at which a person ceases to function independently and loses control of one’s external environment. When a patient reaches this stage, extensive care becomes a must.
Once a person is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease through a physical and neurological examination including brain imaging tests like CT scan and MRI, PET imaging, the process of Alzheimer’s disease treatment begins.
Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s. However, there are certain medications available that reduce the impact of the symptoms temporarily. These include:
The treatment can take place either at a nursing home, assisted living facility, hospital, or in the patient’s home through home health care.
Given the complexity of the condition, home health care is one of the best ways to approach it. This helps in getting together a trained team of experts to monitor the patient in a familiar and comfortable environment. When a patient is surrounded by familiar faces, he/she becomes easier to communicate with and responds faster to treatment.
Caring for an Alzheimer’s patient at home requires a specialised team who understands this complicated condition. This includes:
Managing a complex condition such as Alzheimer’s can be pretty stressful not just for the patient but for the immediate family too. Shifting the patient to a nursing home or hospital may not always be an option, especially when finances and personal preferences are taken into account.
That’s where Portea, the country’s largest and the most credible home healthcare company comes in. We are adept at offering long-term care for the elderly and meeting their safety, nutritional, and medical needs through nursing attendants and other specialists. We help by:
Mother & Baby Care
Mr. Raj Shekhar
Age 32, Chennai
My father had a surgery and required regular healthcare services. Portea has greatly helped him with their in-home healthcare services.
We found Nurse Jeesha to be competent dedicated and with a friendly and adjustable disposition. We would highly recommend her.
Mr. V V Venkatachalam
Good morning Joji. We would like to share extremely positive feedback regarding Abhijit with you. He was phenomenal! Please consider making him a permanent staff with Portea. Respectful, kind, considerate, always with dad, never complained, clean, polite. Thank you for selecting him as a replacement for Bijish for last month. With all our best wishes to you & your team at Portea, Venkatachalam Iyer