Substance abuse is defined as a long-term behaviour pattern due to which a person has a chronic, debilitating, and relapsing dependence on mood-altering substances. As against common beliefs, substance abuse is not only about illegal drugs or psychoactive substances like marijuana, cocaine, etc. A dependence on legal substances like pain medications, alcohol, cough syrups, etc. that act as mood stimulants is also termed as substance abuse.
Despite the general opinion that it’s the adolescents who are the most addicted, every age group right from young adults to the elderly have been known to abuse substances. The reasons why a person gets addicted vary for every age group and depend on factors like genetics, family history of addiction, experimentation, co-existence of mental or physical health conditions, etc. Some of the most common reasons for substance use include:
Substances have short-term and long-term effects on the body and the mind. The effects depend on the severity of the addiction, the general health of the individual, age, etc. Some common effects of substance abuse include:
Treatment of substance use and addiction is a complex procedure as it involves making changes to the mind functions, behaviours, and physical aspects of a person. There is no single line of treatment for everyone and depends on the affected person’s age, history of substance abuse, and her/his needs. Some of the treatment options that are used include:
Drug dependence is a complex issue that not has ramifications for the person addicted to substances but also for her/his immediate family, friends, and peers. There are important reasons why nursing care at home becomes imperative in a substance abuse situation:
Nurses have always played a very important role in de-addiction and the prevention of substance abuse. From the promotion of healthy behaviours to recovery, they act as front-line information & direct care providers for the patients at all times of the day. The role of a substance abuse nurse include:
Mother & Baby Care
Mr. Raj Shekhar
Age 32, Chennai
My father had a surgery and required regular healthcare services. Portea has greatly helped him with their in-home healthcare services.
We found Nurse Jeesha to be competent dedicated and with a friendly and adjustable disposition. We would highly recommend her.
Mr. V V Venkatachalam
Good morning Joji. We would like to share extremely positive feedback regarding Abhijit with you. He was phenomenal! Please consider making him a permanent staff with Portea. Respectful, kind, considerate, always with dad, never complained, clean, polite. Thank you for selecting him as a replacement for Bijish for last month. With all our best wishes to you & your team at Portea, Venkatachalam Iyer