Kidney stones are complex substances made of salt or minerals which gets collected inside the kidney. These stones differ in size from a few inches and can become as large as an entire kidney. People who are obese are at a greater risk. The four common types of kidney stones are calcium oxalate, uric acid, cysteine and struvite. At times smaller kidney stones do not cause any symptoms, and the pain or signs start only when the stone starts moving through the ureter. The primary symptoms are severe pain in the lower back, nausea, fever and chills, vomiting, blood in the urine and stinking cloudy urine. The standard treatment for kidney stones is ureteroscopy, nephrolithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy and lithotripsy. Portea offers nurses and lab tests to help people get diagnosed and treated for kidney stones effortlessly.
A kidney stone is formed when some minerals accumulate in the urine. This occurs when the body is not hydrated enough, and the urine is over-concentrated with lots of minerals. But it is not a definite fact that consistently higher mineral levels lead to the formation of a kidney stone. The stones crystallize and attract other elements in the body and form a bigger stone. This will be difficult to pass out of the body along with the urine and causes terrible pain.
A combination of diet and lifestyle changes along with medication will reduce the risk of kidney stones. It is a long journey and does not happen overnight. However, if the family has a history of the condition, it is slightly challenging to prevent it. Some of the natural ways to prevent kidney stones are:
Some medications are seen to get rid of the condition. They have to be necessarily taken for a prolonged period. Such medications are diuretics, anticonvulsants, steroids, protease inhibitors, decongestants, uricosuric, and chemotherapy. To be more specific:
The first and foremost step to treat kidney stones is the diagnosis. Uric acid and creatine tests are the essential ones conducted. Portea provides these lab tests, which is done with a small prick to collect the blood sample. Depending on the results, the treatment for kidney stones varies from the type of stone and its size. You might be wondering what is the treatment for kidney stones when the preventive measures fail. They are:
When the kidney stones are not too big, they can easily pass out without any treatment, but they are painful. To relieve the pain, ibuprofen or naproxen sodium is prescribed by the doctors.
Alpha-blocker is a type of medication to relax the muscles in the ureter. It will help the kidney stone pass through urine quickly with less pain. Tamsulosin is the best medication here.
When the kidney stones are large, their location and size are diagnosed and then treated using a shock wave lithotripsy. They are sound waves to create strong vibrations that break the stones into tiny pieces. These make them eligible to pass through the urine. The ESWL treatment lasts between 45 to 60 minutes and is done under sedation or light anaesthesia as it causes moderate pain.
The percutaneous nephrolithotomy treatment procedure involves surgical removal of kidney stones by making a small incision on the back. Here general anaesthesia is given to the patient and usually takes one or two days to recover. Surgery is done as a last line of treatment when an ESWL fails. You can also take the help of a nurse for kidney stones. Another type of surgery is removing a part of the parathyroid gland as calcium phosphate stones are caused due to the overactivity of the parathyroid glands.
A small tube is used to remove smaller stones with a camera fitted to it. It is passed through the urethra, bladder and then to the ureter. A stent is placed in the ureter as the final step to relieve the swelling and enhance healing. This is again an invasive treatment that requires general or local anaesthesia.
Mother & Baby Care
Mr. Raj Shekhar
Age 32, Chennai
My father had a surgery and required regular healthcare services. Portea has greatly helped him with their in-home healthcare services.
We found Nurse Jeesha to be competent dedicated and with a friendly and adjustable disposition. We would highly recommend her.
Mr. V V Venkatachalam
Good morning Joji. We would like to share extremely positive feedback regarding Abhijit with you. He was phenomenal! Please consider making him a permanent staff with Portea. Respectful, kind, considerate, always with dad, never complained, clean, polite. Thank you for selecting him as a replacement for Bijish for last month. With all our best wishes to you & your team at Portea, Venkatachalam Iyer