Hemiplegia is a severe or complete loss of strength, sensation, and control i.e. paralysis in one side of the body affecting the legs, arms, or the face. Whichever side of the brain is affected causes hemiplegia on the opposite side of the body. This is a non-progressive condition i.e. the symptoms don’t worsen with age and time.
There are 2 types of this condition- congenital hemiplegia (which occurs in the first 2 years of life) and acquired hemiplegia (one that develops later in life). There is another variant known as crossed hemiplegia or alternate hemiplegia. This occurs when there are recurrent episodes on either side of the body mostly the eye or the tongue i.e. the symptoms come and go.
In reality, the regions i.e. arm, leg, face, eye, tongue, etc. that get paralysed are completely healthy. Instead, the problem lies in the brain that is unable to create, send, and process signals due to damage or diseases that cause hemiplegia.
Hemiplegia symptoms vary from person to person depending on what has caused it and the severity of the condition.
Some of the most common signs to look out for include:
If hemiplegia is caused due to an injury to the brain, it can cause symptoms that overlap with other neurological conditions like:
There are several hemiplegia causes and underlying reasons that are known to contribute to this condition. Some of the most common factors include:
There are several ways in which hemiplegia is diagnosed including:
In case you have experienced any of the above-mentioned symptoms after an injury or disease in the brain area, it is imperative to immediately consult your doctor. If left untreated, hemiplegia may result in painful rigidity and shortening of the muscles and other complications.
Hemiplegia treatment depends on the reasons that have caused it and how severe the symptoms are. This is a permanent condition and has no permanent cure. With several combinations of treatment, its effects may be reduced or contained. Some lines of treatment that help in hemiplegia include:
Physiotherapy treatment for hemiplegia is considered to be one of the most effective ways to manage and reduce its symptoms. Since this condition renders the affected muscles without a sensation or strength, physiotherapy is aimed at improving the motor abilities and sensations in the affected areas.
For an effective hemiplegia treatment, physiotherapy exercises have several important benefits that include:
Hemiplegia exercises are specially designed to help with the painful symptoms of this condition and in improving the overall health and mental wellness of the patient. Some types of exercises that have proven to be helpful include:
Before starting with any type of exercise for hemiplegia, it is important to consult trained therapists to minimise the risk of injuries and overexertion and effectively alleviate the painful symptoms. This is where Portea comes in!
The country’s leading in-home healthcare company, Portea has designed world-class clinical procedures to make quality healthcare accessible and affordable. We offer care for a wide range of conditions and our services include lab tests, critical care nurses, trained attendants, doctor consultations, and much more. One of our most-accessed services is physiotherapy for a variety of conditions. Some Portea advantages that you can avail include:
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