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lower back pain – most common causes & treatment

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common causes of back pain

  • Exerting too much force on your back — such as by lifting or moving heavy objects — can cause injury.
  • Repeating certain movements, especially those that involve twisting or rotating your spine, can injure your back.
  • An inactive job or a desk job can contribute to back pain, especially if you have poor posture or sit all day in a chair with inadequate back support.

back pain and lifestyle factors

Factors such as aging, obesity and poor physical condition also can contribute to back pain. Focus on maintaining a healthy weight minimizes stress on your back and can help.

Start by eating a healthy diet. Make sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D. These nutrients can help prevent osteoporosis, a condition that causes weak and brittle bones and is responsible for many of the bone fractures that lead to back pain.

Combine aerobic exercises, such as swimming or walking, with exercises that strengthen and stretch your back muscles and abdomen. Exercises that increase your balance and strength can also decrease your risk of falling and injuring your back. Consider tai chi, yoga and weight-bearing exercises that challenge your balance.

Preferably spread throughout the week — and strength training exercises at least twice a week.

Smoking reduces blood flow to your lower spine, which can contribute to spinal disc degeneration and slow healing from back injuries. Coughing associated with smoking can also cause back pain.

steps to avoid and prevent back pain and injuries at work

  • Pay attention to posture. When standing, balance weight evenly on feet. Don’t slouch. To promote good posture when sitting, choose a chair that supports your spinal curves. Adjust the height of the chair so that the feet rest flat on the floor or on a footrest and thighs are parallel to the floor.
  • Lift properly. When lifting and carrying a heavy object, lift with legs and tighten core muscles. Hold the object close to your body. Maintain the natural curve of your back. Avoid twist when lifting.
  • Modify repetitive tasks. Use lifting devices, when available, to help you lift loads. Try to alternate physically demanding tasks with less demanding ones. If you work at a computer, make sure that your monitor, keyboard, mouse and chair are positioned properly. If you frequently talk on the phone and type or write at the same time, place your phone on the speaker or use a headset. Avoid unnecessary bending, twisting and reaching. Limit the time spend carrying heavy briefcases, purses and bags. Consider using a rolling suitcase.
  • Listen to your body. If you are sitting for a prolonged period, change the position often. Periodically walk around and gently stretch muscles to relieve tension.

back pain treatment

Back Pain

Treatment for low backpain generally depends on whether the pain is acute or chronic. Conventionally used treatments and their level of supportive evidence include:

Hot or cold packs: Ease pain and reduce inflammation for people with acute, subacute, or chronic pain, allowing for greater mobility among some individuals.

Activity: Bed rest should be limited. Individuals should begin stretching exercises and resume normal daily activities as soon as possible while avoiding movements that aggravate pain.

Strengthening exercises: Maintaining and building muscle strength is particularly important for persons with skeletal irregularities.

Physical therapy programs to strengthen core muscle groups that support the lower back, improve mobility and flexibility, and promote proper positioning and posture often used in combinations with other interventions. To avail physical therapy at home, opt for Portea’s physiotherapy service.

about author

Dr. Kalyani DeshkarDr Kalyani is currently working with Portea. She holds a bachelors degree in Physiotherapy from MUHS Nashik University. She has over 6 years of experience in orthopedics, sports injury, neurological and Rehab cases. Previously she was working as a Physio Care Adviser for Smith &Nephew and managed Rehab – Donjoy in Sports Related Conditions.


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Mr. Mahesh

I had a serious L4 & L5 disc prolapse when I sought Portea’s physiotherapy. Thanks a lot to Dr. Amitava and Portea for their prompt service. Keep up the good work.

I am very happy to share my feedback regarding the excellent treatment I got. My Physiotherapist Dr. Babita Gurung was extremely helpful in getting back to me normal. She was very clear in her instructions and guides me well for each and every treatment she gives. She was absolutely wonderful and very active while discussing the problem and it’s remedy. She gives full attention and time to the patient and never in hurry to attend more patients by bypassing the under-treatment patients. Worth recommending to friends. Thank you all so much for your excellent care. I am feeling so much better now than when I started my PT. Your professionalism, concern and friendliness were much appreciated.

I think it was the most professional yet personal therapy I have had so far in the last 3 years since I first had the back problems. Dr. Fateh is a polite, good-natured and compassionate gentleman, who is extremely competent at his work and displayed great consistency throughout the sessions, even towards the end without slacking away time or hurrying up through the final sessions like most other Physiotherapists, as I have experienced before. He in fact ensured that he put a little more extra efforts towards the end to ensure that my back remains strong post the sessions.