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ultrasound physiotherapy

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what is ultrasound physiotherapy?

Ultrasound physiotherapy is a treatment method that is used nowadays in physical therapy. It helps in healing soft tissues like muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints by deep heating them. It should be noted here that ultrasound therapy in physiotherapy is not the same as diagnostic ultrasound. The former is used to heal tissues while the latter is used to see inner body parts of a human being. One is a treatment method while the other is a diagnostic method. 

what does ultrasound do?

Ultrasound in physiotherapy is used to produce two different kinds of effects:

  1. Deep Heating: Generally, ultrasound is used to deep heat soft tissues like muscles and joints. When heated, these tissues increase the circulation to other tissues that are responsible for the healing process in the body. Sometimes, deep heat is also used to increase tissue temperature, which ultimately reduces the pain. 

Deep heating is also used to stretch the muscles that have become tight due to some reason. People suffering from shoulder pain, or frozen shoulder are often given deep heat with the use of ultrasound in physiotherapy. The deep helps in increasing the extensibility of shoulder tissues. 

  1. Non- thermal effects: These effects are also called cavitation. The energy produced by ultrasound produces minute sized bubbles near your tissues. These tissues expand and then contract frequently. This expansions and contraction help cells cell in speeding up their cellular processes and healing the injured parts of tissues. 

how does it actually work?

The science behind ultrasonic physiotherapy is very simple. There is a small crystal place inside the ultrasonic machine for physiotherapy. When the electricity button is switched on, an electric charge passes through the crystal. The crystal starts vibrating and emits waves called piezoelectric waves. These piezoelectric waves are then converted into ultrasound waves when they are emitted from the ultrasound sound head. Once the ultrasound waves enter your body, it produces heat and cavitation. We have already explained how heat and cavitation help in healing injured tissues in the body. 

how is ultrasound done?

Ultrasound machines have a sound head that emits ultrasound waves. A special gel is applied to the need body part and then the sound head of the ultrasound machines is moved around the body part. While moving the machine, your therapist might control various aspects of soundwaves. For example, the depth of penetration and the intent  

This is the general method of performing ultrasound physiotherapy. There can be special conditions when the body part is part is bumpy or if there is some open wound. Extra care has to be taken care of especially in the case of open wounds because bacteria and other pathogens can enter into your body with the gel and the sound head. 

To treat the inflammation around any tissue, physiotherapists use a topical medication. This medication is combined with the gel before performing an ultrasound. This process of using topical medical medication in ultrasound physiotherapy is called phonophoresis. 

does ultrasound cause pain?

It is most likely that you will not feel anything except tingling and warm sensation while your physiotherapist will perform the physiotherapeutic ultrasound. However, if the sound head is not moved in circles and is rested on just one place, you might sense pain. Tell your therapist if you feel pain anytime in the procedure. 

when not to use ultrasound

Therapeutic ultrasound is a very effective treatment method for healing. It is even very safe compared to a few other methods but there are special conditions when you should not opt for the ultrasound. These conditions are:

  • When you are pregnant
  • When you have large-sized open wounds
  • When you have undergone metal implants
  • When you have cancer (performing ultrasound on the active area is risky)
  • When you have been implanted with a pacemaker

where is ultrasound used?

Ultrasound in physiotherapy is mostly used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries. For example:

  • Muscles tear
  • Frozen shoulders
  • Tendonitis
  • Injuries in ligaments
  • Tightness in joints
  • Bursitis

In general, ultrasound is used where injury of soft-tissues like ligaments, joints, and tendons is involved. Other than that, it is also used to treat the pain of back and neck, ankle sprain, etc. 

how can portea help?

Below are some ways Portea can help you: 

  • We have a team of physical therapists that have years of experience of treating with ultrasound.
  • We provide treatment in your home or home-care facility.
  • Our physiotherapists are specialized in problems related to muscles, joints, and soft-tissues.
  • We have the most advanced ultrasound machines that do the job in the most efficient way possible.
  • Our physiotherapists are emphatic about your problems. We ensure that you do not get uncomfortable for any reason during the treatment. 


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Mr. Mahesh

I had a serious L4 & L5 disc prolapse when I sought Portea’s physiotherapy. Thanks a lot to Dr. Amitava and Portea for their prompt service. Keep up the good work.

I am very happy to share my feedback regarding the excellent treatment I got. My Physiotherapist Dr. Babita Gurung was extremely helpful in getting back to me normal. She was very clear in her instructions and guides me well for each and every treatment she gives. She was absolutely wonderful and very active while discussing the problem and it’s remedy. She gives full attention and time to the patient and never in hurry to attend more patients by bypassing the under-treatment patients. Worth recommending to friends. Thank you all so much for your excellent care. I am feeling so much better now than when I started my PT. Your professionalism, concern and friendliness were much appreciated.

I think it was the most professional yet personal therapy I have had so far in the last 3 years since I first had the back problems. Dr. Fateh is a polite, good-natured and compassionate gentleman, who is extremely competent at his work and displayed great consistency throughout the sessions, even towards the end without slacking away time or hurrying up through the final sessions like most other Physiotherapists, as I have experienced before. He in fact ensured that he put a little more extra efforts towards the end to ensure that my back remains strong post the sessions.