HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency virus that leads to AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Unlike any other virus that the body rids of either naturally or through treatment; HIV virus once contracted cannot be eliminated from the body even with treatment. The HIV virus mainly affects the immune system of the body, specially the T cells also called CD4 cells.
Overtime if treatment is not sought the HIV virus would damage a large number of T cells, thereby greatly hampering its ability to fight any infection. Taking advantage of the weak immune system the virus would rapidly progress into its last stage indicating to the presence of AIDS.
There are three stages of HIV infection namely;
As part of our at home healthcare service, we bring to you HIV tests at home along with HIV treatment at home. Our highly reputable team of doctors have the medical expertise to effectively deal with HIV infection.
So, if you need HIV treatment at home just give us a call and our representative doctor would soon visit you at your home and take the necessary step of treatment.
The main causes of HIV are;
The main cause behind AIDS is the HIV virus and it is sexually transmitted from one person to another
The common HIV symptoms are as follows;
There is no single AIDS symptoms rather a plethora of illness called opportunistic illnesses, that affects a person owing to an extremely weak immune system.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) destroys the human body's immune system which could lead to severe poisonous contaminations that do not normally affect healthy people. HIV is contracted in the human body via unprotected sex with an infected person through semen or vaginal fluid, contact with the blood of an infected person, sharing drug needles or through pregnant women to their babies during pregnancy.
Infection with HIV causes AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) which is an advanced form of an HIV. It is preventable and hence advisable to practice safe sex or by getting treated for AIDS through certain medications.
Commonly performed HIV tests are:
24 to 36 Hours
AIDS is the result of HIV Infection and is the last stage of HIV infection. It indicates to the most severe stage of HIV infection. An aids patient immune system is so weak that they are literally host to a range of illnesses called opportunistic illnesses.
HIV infection is generally unnoticed and has no specific symptoms in the early stages. People who are infected may develop a brief cold or flu-like illness 2 to 6 weeks after becoming infected. The persons immune system could get affected very severely starting with mild infections or further develop into chronic symptoms such as:
During the late HIV stage, more serious HIV symptoms may start to appear such as:
Preparatory instructions before the test *:
No Fasting Required.
No other special preparations required.
Specimen type: Serum (Blood Sample)
Specimen collection procedure: Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.
The HIV test cost is variable and is depended upon several factors, however, the usual HIV test price are pretty low and easily affordable.
There is no cure for HIV that would eliminate the infection from the body and the HIV treatment is mainly aimed at managing the symptoms and stopping the further progress of the infection and stop it in either stage I or stage II.
ART or antiretroviral therapy has been found to considerably successful in stopping the virus from further progression and increase the life expectancy of a HIV infected person. Another therapy called Highly active antiretroviral therapy or HAART is also being used in the treatment of HIV patients.
AIDS treatment is mainly aimed at managing the symptoms and provide relief as there is no cure for AIDS.
HIV ELISA/Western blot is a set of blood tests used to detect infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in serum, saliva or urine. Such tests may diagnose HIV antibodies, antigens or RNA.
Any blood test related to HIV conducted during the window period may give false negative results. A window period is the duration it takes for the body to produce HIV antibodies post infection with the virus. In most people, this period is between 2weeks and 12 weeks.
|Above 1.0 Index||Reactive|
|0.0 to 1.0 Index||Non Reactive|
‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’
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