Measles Lab Test

Rubeola, English measles
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Clinical Definition of Measles

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory system. It is a very contagious disease which is spread by contact with the fluids from an infected person's nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission. The coughing or sneezing of an infected person can release the virus into the air. It causes flu-like symptoms along with a total-body skin rash.

When do you expect results?

24 to 36 Hours

Why Get Tested?

The measles test is ordered to detect the presence of antibodies against the virus.

Reason to take Measles Test

Commonly observed symptoms include 

High fever

Cough

Runny nose 

Itching full-body rash (changing color from red to dark brown, before disappearing)

Conjunctivitis (red eyes)

Koplik's spots seen inside the mouth (small red spots with blue-white centers which disappear in a day of appearing)

Some ver rare but severe cases can cause:

Seizures (jerking and staring) 

Ear infection

Pneumonia

Brain damage and occasionally even death

Preparations Needed for Measles Test

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

Sample Required?

Specimen type:Serum (Blood Sample),Specimen collection procedure:Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

Understanding results of Measles

Reference RangeInterpretation
Above 0.2Positive
0.1 to 0.2Borderline high
Below 0.1 O.D unitsNegative

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

References

  1. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=mmr_antibody
  2. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=mmr_antibody