hospital cot – semi fowler manual

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At Portea, we specialise in providing a comprehensive range of healthcare services, including nursing care, doctor consultations, physiotherapy at home, and professional caregiver services. Additionally, we offer essential medical equipment like semi-fowler hospital beds and hospital cots for rent or purchase. Our semi-fowler beds feature two-section perforated designs for adjustable backrest positions. These beds are operated with cranks and equipped with individual braking systems for added safety. The easy-lifting and collapsible side rails further enhance patient security. With trusted brands like ASI, Shambho life solution, Arrex, and Hitech, we ensure top-quality equipment to meet your specific needs.


  • Mechanically operated backrest by crank mechanism.
  • Size: L 2140mm × W 940mm × H 500mm.
  • Removable & interchangeable high-quality ABS plastic bows.
  • Collapsible aluminium side railings Epoxy coated mild steel framework, two section perforated tops and castors.


1. What is a semi-Fowler bed used for?

A semi-Fowler bed is specifically designed to provide adjustable positions for the backrest and knee rest functions. It offers multiple inclined positions for the upper body, allowing patients to sit up partially or at various angles. This bed type is commonly used in hospitals, nursing homes, and home care settings to enhance patient comfort and facilitate activities such as eating, reading, and watching TV in a semi-upright position. The adjustable features of the bed are operated using cranks or motors, and they often come with braking systems to ensure stability and safety for the patient.

2. What is the 45-degree Fowler’s position?

The 45-degree Fowler’s position refers to an inclined position of the patient’s upper body on a bed or examination table. In this position, the head of the bed is elevated at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. The 45-degree Fowler’s position is commonly utilised in medical settings, particularly for head, shoulder, or chest surgeries. It is also beneficial for patients experiencing respiratory distress syndrome, as it helps improve breathing and ventilation by reducing the pressure on the diaphragm and allowing for better lung expansion.

3. What are the benefits of the semi Fowler’s position?

The semi Fowler’s position offers several benefits for patients in various medical situations. It is particularly beneficial for individuals with respiratory issues, as it helps improve breathing by depressing the diaphragm and allowing for better chest expansion. 

This position is also recommended for patients with a feeding tube or those experiencing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) to reduce the risk of aspiration. Additionally, during childbirth, the semi Fowler’s position can provide comfort and facilitate the birthing process. Overall, the semi Fowler’s position helps optimise patient comfort, respiratory function, and medical care in specific circumstances.

4. How high is semi Fowler’s position?

The semi Fowler’s position typically involves raising the head and torso of a patient between 15 and 45 degrees. The most common angle used for this position is 30 degrees. In this position, the upper body is elevated to a moderate degree, providing a comfortable semi-upright posture for the patient. This angle can be adjusted based on the individual’s comfort and medical needs. The semi Fowler’s position helps improve breathing, facilitate digestion, and enhance patient comfort during various medical procedures or for patients with certain health conditions.

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