hospital beds and their types

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Hospital beds are specifically designed with special features to cater to the needs of healthcare facilities and home healthcare. They differ from regular beds found in homes or hotels. Common features include adjustable height, electronic buttons, and adjustable side rails. Modern hospital beds may also include additional advanced features for the well-being, comfort, and convenience of both healthcare workers and patients. Some additional features include:

  1. Bed Mobility: The inclusion of wheels enables effortless movement of the bed within the room or throughout different sections of the hospital. These wheels are equipped with safety locks to secure the bed when patients need to be transferred in or out.
  1. Height Adjustability: The bed offers various elevation options, allowing adjustment of the entire height, foot position, or headrest. Unlike older models that relied on manual operation, these beds feature electronic controls for convenient adjustments.
  1. Adjustable Side Rails: The side rails of the bed can be raised or lowered to provide protection and support. Easy-to-use buttons allow both patients and staff to operate the rails. In some cases, these rails can also serve as medical restraints.
  1. Bed Alarm System: Hospital beds are equipped with an integrated alarm system within the mattress, enabling caregivers and hospital personnel to monitor and promptly attend to patients. This feature enhances patient safety and ensures timely assistance.
  1. CPR Capability: Specialized ICU beds incorporate a CPR function to assist in resuscitation efforts for individuals in critical condition. These beds are designed to provide optimal support and functionality during life-saving procedures.

At Portea, we prioritize patient well-being and strive to provide the highest quality healthcare equipment and services. Our range of modern hospital beds caters to the specific requirements of healthcare settings, promoting comfort, convenience, and efficient care delivery.

types of hospital beds

Hospital beds serve diverse healthcare settings including hospitals, clinics, home care, nursing homes, and more. Some of the most prominent medical beds for homeare:


Fowler beds are specifically designed beds consisting of four perforated sections that allow patients to achieve different positions. The fowler’s position, commonly used in medical settings, involves the patient sitting up with straight or bent knees. Different variations include the high fowler position at a 90-degree angle, semi-fowler position at 30 to 45 degrees, and low fowler position with a slight elevation of the head. These beds are utilized for immobile patients experiencing respiratory distress, postpartum women requiring uterine drainage, individuals in need of nasal feeding tubes, and those at risk of aspiration.

Fowler beds are equipped with motors and cranks for effortless adjustments, collapsible side rails, and ABS steel foot and head panels. They employ individual or central braking systems and offer functions for backrest and knee rest adjustments


A semi-fowler bed is designed to accommodate the semi-fowler position, where the patient’s torso and head are raised at an angle of 15 to 45 degrees while lying on the back. It offers a smaller angle of elevation compared to a fowler bed, and it may also involve raising the foot of the bed and bending the knees. Similar to a fowler bed, the semi-fowler bed is beneficial for patients with respiratory or cardiac conditions, requiring lung expansion, or having a nasogastric tube. It also provides added comfort for women in labor during childbirth.

Semi-fowler beds feature ABS or steel foot and head panels and are equipped with motors or cranks for easy adjustments. They may also have collapsible side rails for enhanced safety and convenience.


Electric beds are specially designed beds that offer adjustable positions for both the upper and lower body, as well as height adjustments. They are particularly beneficial for individuals with various medical conditions that make sleeping in uncomfortable positions difficult. Electric beds provide relief for people experiencing swelling, chronic pain, arthritis, respiratory issues, limited mobility, heartburn, and acid reflux.

Key features of electric beds include collapsible guard rails operated by electricity, multiple resting position options, compatibility with hospital bed mattresses, detachable head and footboards, and swivel castors. These beds can be controlled through electric mechanisms, making them versatile for use in home care settings, rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, and hospitals. Incorporating advanced engineering technology, electric beds prioritize patient safety and comfort.


A manual bed is a widely used and popular type of bed found in hospitals, nursing homes, and caregiving facilities. These medical beds feature hand cranks to adjust the bed’s height and raise the head or foot section. They are suitable for patients who require minimal position changes and offer a cost-effective solution for long-term care.

Manual beds are a budget-friendly alternative to electric beds, providing affordability. A semi-electric bed is a variation that serves as a middle ground between manual and electric beds, offering some electric functionalities alongside manual adjustments.


A motorized bed is a hospital bed designed with the capability to be adjusted in height according to the patient’s requirements. These beds are equipped with removable side rails for added safety. The head and foot sections of the bed can be raised or lowered, facilitating easier mobility for patients when sitting or standing up. Some motorized beds are also equipped with lockable wheels, allowing for easy movement when necessary. These beds incorporate various features to ensure patient comfort and convenience, including motorized adjustments for the knees, back, and overall height.


These beds can transform a regular home bed into a convenient and adjustable one. Featuring a flexible frame, they can be positioned at different angles, from low lying to upright. Many of these beds are designed with a user-friendly remote control and have a compact size suitable for modern homes. They are especially beneficial for patients seeking relief from acute back pain and aiming for a comfortable sleeping experience.

hospital bed to buy or rent

When recovering from a medical condition or undergoing long-term treatment, many individuals find solace and comfort in the familiarity of their own homes. However, the existing bed for patients at home may not meet the specific requirements for optimal comfort, support, and safety during the recovery process. This is where a hospital bed at home becomes a crucial necessity.

Nevertheless, the cost of purchasing a hospital bed can be prohibitive for many people, especially if it is only needed for a short period. In such cases, renting a hospital bed becomes a practical and cost-effective solution for at-home recovery. However, personal preferences may lead some individuals to opt for purchasing a new bed, even if it comes at a slightly higher expense.

The price of a patient bed can vary depending on factors such as the bed type and the duration of use. For instance, an ICU bed, which offers additional features, will generally have a higher price compared to a standard hospital bed.

Ultimately, the decision to rent or purchase a hospital bed for home depends on individual circumstances, financial considerations, and personal preferences. Renting allows for flexibility and cost savings, particularly for short-term needs, while purchasing provides the advantage of long-term ownership and customization options. Careful evaluation of one’s requirements and budget can help make the most suitable choice for a comfortable and conducive recovery environment at home.

hospital bed available at portea

Portea is a healthcare company that brings hospital-quality medical services to your doorstep. We offer convenient rental options for medical equipment, including hospital beds, ensuring that healthcare is accessible to all. Our medical patient beds are designed to provide utmost comfort and quality at affordable prices for home use. 

With a variety of bed options available, patients can choose according to their specific requirements, space limitations, and budget. These beds are not only suitable for individuals who are bedridden but also for those seeking improved sleep quality. Our premium-quality products have garnered praise for their design, durability, and affordability, satisfying numerous customers.


1. What are the Requirements to Get an At-Home Hospital Bed?

To get an at-home hospital bed, you would typically need a prescription from a healthcare provider. The requirements may vary depending on the healthcare regulations and policies of your region. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional who can assess your needs and provide the necessary documentation. 

Portea offers a range of medical beds for home use, and our team can assist you in understanding the requirements and guide you through the process of obtaining an at-home hospital bed.

2. How To Choose A Hospital Bed?

When choosing a hospital bed, consider factors such as the patient’s specific needs, required features (e.g., adjustable height, side rails), weight capacity, and mattress type. Assess the available space in the home and ensure the bed fits comfortably. Consult with healthcare professionals for guidance on the appropriate medical bed for home use. 

Portea offers a variety of hospital beds and our team can assist you in selecting the right bed that meets your specific requirements and provides optimal comfort and care.

3. How Much Do Hospital Beds Cost?

The cost of hospital beds can vary depending on various factors such as the type of bed, features, brand, and where it is purchased from. Hospital beds can range from several hundred dollars for basic models to several thousand dollars for advanced, specialized beds. Additionally, factors like rental options and insurance coverage can also impact the cost. 

For accurate pricing information, it is recommended to consult with medical equipment providers or suppliers who can provide specific details regarding the cost of hospital beds, including any additional expenses for delivery, setup, or maintenance. Portea offers a range of medical beds for home use and can provide pricing details based on your specific requirements.

4. Can I use a hospital bed at home?

Yes, hospital beds can be used at home for individuals who require specialized medical care or assistance with activities of daily living. Hospital beds for home use offer adjustable features, such as height adjustment and adjustable backrest and leg rest positions, to enhance comfort and convenience. They also come with safety features like side rails and braking systems. 

Using a hospital bed at home can provide better support, ease of movement, and improved accessibility for both the patient and caregivers. Portea offers medical beds for home use, ensuring that individuals receive the necessary care and comfort in the comfort of their own homes.

5. How comfortable is a hospital bed?

Hospital beds are designed with patient comfort in mind. They offer various features and adjustments to enhance comfort levels. The mattresses used in hospital beds are typically designed to provide pressure relief and support for patients. 

Additionally, hospital beds often have adjustable positions for the head, back, and leg rest, allowing patients to find the most comfortable position for resting, sitting up, or sleeping. Some hospital beds also come with features like built-in air or foam mattress overlays for added comfort. However, comfort preferences can vary from person to person, so it’s important to try different positions and adjustments to find the most comfortable setup. 

Portea understands the importance of comfort and can provide medical beds for home use that prioritize patient comfort and well-being.

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