nebulizer and its procedure

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nebulizer machine

Like most respiratory ailments, the recent COVID-19 infection also impacts the lungs by causing inflammation and respiratory difficulties. In more serious instances, the respiratory distress becomes severe and can lead to complications like pneumonia and enduring harm and injury to the lungs.

This is where the significance of a nebulizer becomes evident. A nebulizer is a medical device that expedites the dispersion and absorption of medication into the lungs, typically administered through a mask or mouthpiece.

Despite the surge in nebulizer usage during the pandemic, it is not a recent innovation. Its origins trace back to the 1930s, and it has been employed to alleviate the discomfort of patients dealing with various conditions such as:

  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Temporary episodes of coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness, among others.

Nebulizer machines are suitable for individuals of all ages, including children, the elderly, and pregnant women. They can use these machines independently or with assistance. Moreover, the increased utilization of nebulizers has reduced their prices, making them more affordable.

At Portea, you can get nebulizers for rent or purchase them and have them delivered to your doorstep! So, choose your nebulizer today and get the right one from us.

types of nebulizers 

Three primary types of nebulizers are available to ensure the effective delivery of your medication and manage your condition.


The most prevalent variety of nebulizers is the jet nebulizer, which converts medication into minute aerosol particles through compressed gas. Typically utilized for personal use at home, jet nebulizers are standard.


This nebulizer type transforms medication into smaller aerosol particles via high-frequency vibrations. Ultrasonic nebulizers are commonly employed in clinics and hospitals rather than for personal use.


A newer iteration, mesh nebulizers, is often more effective than jet nebulizers. These nebulizers utilize a mesh cap featuring minuscule apertures directly delivering medication to your lungs.

Usually, all these nebulizer types are available in battery-operated or electric versions. Battery-powered nebulizers are portable, allowing you to move them from one room to another and use them while travelling.

how to use a nebulizer? 

Before commencing the utilization of a nebulizer, it is of utmost importance to remember that it should only be employed with a doctor’s prescription. Self-administering nebulization could lead to adverse health effects.

Irrespective of the medical condition, the efficacy of respiratory treatment facilitated by a nebulizer hinges on adhering to the correct procedure.

Here is the proper method for using a nebulizer:

  • Gather the Components: Assemble all the nebuliser components, including the cap, cup, mask, air compressor, compressor tubing, and medication.
  • Hand Hygiene: Thoroughly wash your hands, then measure and place the prescribed amount of medication into the cup.
  • Position the Compressor: Place the compressor on a stable surface and connect it to an electrical socket.
  • Attach Components: Connect the top cap to the medication cap, mouthpiece, or nebulizer mask. Attach the compressor tubing to the medicine cup.
  • Comfortable Seating: Sit relaxed and place the mask or mouthpiece, ensuring a secure seal by firmly enclosing your lips around it.
  • Power On: Turn on the compressor. It would help if you observed a faint mist at the rear end of the tubing.
  • Breathing Pattern: Inhale slowly and deeply. Hold each inhalation for 3-4 seconds to optimise the treatment’s effectiveness, allowing the medication to settle in your lungs.
  • Consistent Process: Continue the process until the entire prescribed medication dosage has been administered.

Following these steps diligently ensures a nebuliser’s proper and effective use for respiratory treatment.

Here are some considerations to bear in mind when using a nebulizer:

  • Administering to a Child: If the nebulizer treatment is intended for a child, they can sit comfortably on your lap to make the process easier.
  • Mask Fit: When using a mask, ensure it fits snugly and securely over your face. This helps in optimizing the delivery of the medication.
  • Discomfort or Dizziness: If at any point during the inhalation process you experience pain or dizziness, cease the treatment immediately. Take a pause and resume after 5-10 minutes. It is helpful to adopt deliberate and controlled breathing. If the discomfort persists, it’s advisable to consult your doctor before using the nebulizer again.

Maintaining the cleanliness of your nebulizer is essential to prevent potential infections. The cleaning process is straightforward and can be completed quickly.

how to clean a nebulizer? 

Follow these steps to ensure your nebulizer remains free from dirt and bacteria:

  • Post-Use Rinse: After each use, thoroughly rinse the nebulizer cup with warm water and allow it to air dry.
  • Daily Wash: At the end of each day, wash the mask and cup using mild water mixed with a gentle detergent. After washing, let them air-dry.
  • Weekly Sterilization: Ideally, sterilize your nebulizer once a week. You can use a solution of white vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or isopropyl alcohol for this purpose.
  • Proper Storage: After thorough cleaning, cover the nebulizer with a clean cloth before storing it. Each component should be placed in zip-lock bags for storage, avoiding exposure to open spaces or the floor.
  • Medication Storage: Store your medications in a cool and dry area, away from dust and light.
  • Backup Components: Always keep an extra nebulizer cup and a mask or mouthpiece on hand.
  • Compressor Safety: Before cleaning, remember to unplug the compressor.

Nebulizers have revolutionized the management of respiratory conditions. To ensure effective treatment and maximize its benefits, diligently follow the guidance provided by your healthcare provider and the manufacturer’s instructions for the equipment. Proper care of your nebulizer contributes to your overall well-being and its longevity.


1. Is nebulization good for cough? 

Nebulization can help alleviate coughs and respiratory ailment symptoms, although not a standard cough treatment. Delivering medicated vapors through a nebulizer aid in easing symptoms of respiratory illnesses. This method particularly benefits children and those struggling with handheld inhaler usage.

2. Is a nebulizer good for health?

Indeed, nebulizer therapy offers health benefits by relaxing respiratory muscles and facilitating smoother airflow in and out of the lungs. It effectively loosens lung mucus, reducing and preventing symptoms like wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

3. Does the nebulizer remove mucus?

Nebulizers assist in clearing mucus from the lungs. The medications administered through nebulization help to loosen lung mucus, enabling easier expulsion through coughing. Furthermore, these medications relax the airway muscles, promoting increased airflow in and out of the lungs. Direct inhalation of medication via nebulizers proves more efficient and rapid than oral ingestion.

4. Does a nebulizer have side effects?

Nebulizer treatment can lead to common side effects such as rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and jitteriness. Occasional side effects include headache, nausea, vomiting, or throat irritation. While severe reactions are rare, they should be promptly communicated to the prescribing doctor for appropriate action.

5. Is it OK to use a nebulizer every day? 

Using a nebulizer multiple times daily can be appropriate for managing breathing issues like cough. However, following your healthcare provider’s guidance is essential to ensure safe and effective usage. Consulting your doctor about the frequency and duration of nebulizer treatments is advisable to avoid potential risks or overuse.

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