Adhesive Capsulitis, commonly known as Frozen Shoulder is a condition characterized by stiffening of the shoulder, limited mobility and sometimes excruciating pain. This condition causes tremendous discomfort and hinders our regular routine.
A wide variety of shoulder motions is possible due to the ball and socket arrangement in the joint called the ‘Glenohumeral joint’ that joins the upper arm bone (Humerus) to the shoulder blade (Scapula). Frozen shoulder is caused due to the inflammation of the shoulder joint capsule that encases the ligaments, muscles and bones of the ball and socket joint. This inflammatory process limits our physical activities by reducing the joint capsule’s ability to stretch. If not taken care of, it might lead to thickening of the connecting tissue, thereby prolonging the stiffness and further limiting mobility. Unfortunately, the exact causes of this condition are unknown. However, few of the possible risk factors have been listed below:
Physiotherapy is one of the best cures for frozen shoulder. The treatment consists of a few sets of simple stretching exercises that can easily be carried out at home. A prolonged case of frozen shoulder might require arthroscopic management. However, mostly, frozen shoulder can be cured with regular physiotherapy. Mentioned below are some of the simpler yet effective physiotherapy exercises one can try at home:
Shoulder abduction/flexion: Shoulder abduction is a physiotherapy technique that has been in practice since a long time. This stretching exercise helps restore the range of motion of the joints. An easy way to practice this stretching exercise involves the following steps:
Firstly, attach a pulley to the door or the wall. Fix the height so that you can fully stretch both of your arms. Stand with your back facing the door and grasp the two ends of the pulley with both your hands. Now start pulling one arm downwards and stretch the other arm upwards. Then pull the outstretched arm towards your body and the other arm upwards.
Dr. Hirna B
Dr. Hirna Bhatt holds a Master degree in Physiotherapy from Sheffield Hallam University U.K and a Master degree in Acupuncture from Nagpur University. She is specialized in musculoskeletal conditions and have over 3 years of experience in treating patients. Besides working as a therapist, she has keen interest in painting and craft work. She quotes, “Do what makes you happy, success comes in that happiness.”
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