Echinococcus Lab Test

Hydatid cyst disease
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Clinical Definition of Echinococcus

Echinococcal disease is a zoonotic disease caused by contamination by a parasitic tapeworm called echinococcus. People get infected by consumption of contaminated food, which generally gets contaminated by the echinococcal eggs.

The contamination is transported to the liver, where cysts are formed. People exposed to feces of cattle, deer, dogs, wolves or pigs are at a high risk of being infected.

When do you expect results?

24 to 36 Hours

Why Get Tested?

The test carried out detects any antibodies which may develop due to exposure to the worm.

Reason to take Echinococcus Test

Some commonly found signs are:

A cyst may be asymptomatic unless it is large enough to be felt by physical examination, 10 - 20 years after infection. 

Common symptoms include: 

  • Bloody sputum
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Severe skin itching

Preparations Needed for Echinococcus Test

Preparatory instructions before the test *:

No Fasting Required.
No other special preparations required.

Sample Required?

Specimen type:Serum (Blood Sample)

Specimen collection procedure:Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

Understanding results of Echinococcus

Reference RangeInterpretation
Below 0.3 OD unitsNegative
Above 0.3 OD unitsPositive

'*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2688797/
  2. https://familydoctor.org/condition/echinococcosis/
  3. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/tapeworms-and-hydatid-disease
  4. https://www.cdc.gov/dpdx/echinococcosis/index.html