Urine Routine Lab Test

Urine Routine
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Clinical Definition of Urine Routine

The urine routine test is a combination of tests that are performed on urine and is one of the most frequently conducted tests. It comprises of the physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine.

When do you expect results?

24 to 36 Hours

Why Get Tested?

 

This test is conducted to screen for any kidney diseases and infections of the urinary tract. It also helps to identify diseases that cause abnormal breakdown of products that may be passed from the body in the urine. The Urine Routine test reports the following:-Presence of sugars, ketones, and proteins

Presence of bilirubin
pH, or relative acidity or alkalinity
Physical color and appearance
Presence of blood and its components like RBC, hemoglobin & WBC
Specific gravity
 

Reason to take Urine Routine Test

Burning on urination

Frequency to urinate

Bloody or cloudy urine

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection or bladder infection

Symptoms of kidney failure 

Chills

Fever

Back pain

High blood pressure

Edema or swelling

Loss of appetite

Nausea, Vomiting

Fatigue, Sleepiness

Itching, Twitching

Metallic taste in the mouth

Preparations Needed for Urine Routine Test

No special preparations required.

Sample Required?

Specimen type: Urine , Specimen collection procedure : Mid-Stream Urine (not at the beginning and not at the end) should be collected. Care must be taken to clean the genitals well before collection.

Follow these steps to get the sample

Initial or the first few drops of the urine should be discarded in the toilet.

Mid-stream urine sample should be collected in the sterile container provided.

Latter part or the end of the urine should not be collected.

Cap the container. Keep it in the refrigerator or a cool place during the collection period.

Understanding results of Urine Routine

Reference RangeInterpretation
Colorcolorless ,dark yellow, Pale yellow or amber (May be stained by certain foods)
pH4.5-8.0 (The average is 6.0, which is slightly acidic)
KetonesNegative
GlucoseNegative
ProteinNegative
BloodNegative
BilirubinNegative
Urobilinogen0.1-1.0
Nitrate for BacteriaNegative
Leukocyte EsteraseNegative
CastsOccasional hyaline casts
Red Blood CellsNegative or rare
CrystalsAcid Urine
Epithelial CellsFew
Pus2 to 3 pus cells under High Power Field of microscope
TurbidityClear to slightly hazy
Specific Gravity1.006-1.030

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

References

  1. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/urinalysis/about/pac-20384907
  2. https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/test-urine.html
  3. https://labtestsonline.org/tests/urinalysis