clinical definition of urine routine
The urine routine test is a combination of tests that are performed on urine and is one of the most frequently conducted tests. It comprises of the physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine.
when do you expect results?
24 to 36 Hours
why get tested?
This test is conducted to screen for any kidney diseases and infections of the urinary tract. It also helps to identify diseases that cause abnormal breakdown of products that may be passed from the body in the urine. The Urine Routine test reports the following:-Presence of sugars, ketones, and proteins
reason to take urine routine test
Burning on urination
Frequency to urinate
Bloody or cloudy urine
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection or bladder infection
Symptoms of kidney failure
High blood pressure
Edema or swelling
Loss of appetite
Metallic taste in the mouth
preparations needed for urine routine test
No special preparations required.
Specimen type: Urine , Specimen collection procedure : Mid-Stream Urine (not at the beginning and not at the end) should be collected. Care must be taken to clean the genitals well before collection.
Follow these steps to get the sample
Initial or the first few drops of the urine should be discarded in the toilet.
Mid-stream urine sample should be collected in the sterile container provided.
Latter part or the end of the urine should not be collected.
Cap the container. Keep it in the refrigerator or a cool place during the collection period.
Understanding results ofUrine Routine
|Color||colorless ,dark yellow, Pale yellow or amber (May be stained by certain foods)|
|pH||4.5-8.0 (The average is 6.0, which is slightly acidic)|
|Nitrate for Bacteria||Negative|
|Casts||Occasional hyaline casts|
|Red Blood Cells||Negative or rare|
|Pus||2 to 3 pus cells under High Power Field of microscope|
|Turbidity||Clear to slightly hazy|
‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’