In order to sustain life, our lungs play a crucial role in delivering oxygen to the cells throughout our bodies. The level of oxygen saturation in our blood, known as SPO2, indicates the percentage of the maximum oxygen capacity our blood carries.
For individuals in good health, the optimal range for SPO2 levels falls between 96 to 99 per cent. However, specific circumstances and health conditions can lead to oxygen levels dropping below the ideal range. Some of these factors include:
When SPO2 levels decline, it can result in various problems, such as difficulty breathing, persistent coughing, memory issues, and chronic fatigue. In such cases, supplemental oxygen therapy becomes necessary.
Oxygen therapy is not restricted to medical facilities like hospitals or clinics. It can also be administered at home using a pulse oximeter and an oxygen concentrator.
A pulse oximeter gauges the oxygen levels in your blood. In contrast, an oxygen concentrator ensures the delivery of the required amount of oxygen, adjusted according to the user’s needs and breathing patterns.
An oxygen concentrator functions as a device that supplies additional oxygen to individuals grappling with respiratory difficulties. It works by extracting and concentrating oxygen molecules from the surrounding air. This process involves drawing in air, segregating nitrogen, particulates, and other contaminants, and dispensing refined air. While the incoming air typically contains 80 per cent nitrogen and 20 per cent oxygen, the outgoing air is nearly 90-95 per cent pure oxygen and 5-10 per cent nitrogen.
A domestic oxygen concentrator comprises a compressor, sieve bed filters, pressure valves, and a nasal cannula (oxygen mask). Despite its compact size, akin to a lunchbox, this device serves an essential purpose.
A home oxygen concentrator is advisable for patients with mild to moderate oxygen deficiencies ranging between 90-94 per cent. However, such usage should strictly adhere to medical supervision.
Individuals in a critical state can temporarily utilize an oxygen concentrator until they reach a medical facility. At this point, they might transition to an oxygen cylinder capable of delivering higher oxygen flow rates.
Portable oxygen concentrators offer two distinct settings:
If you’re dealing with a lung or heart condition, you might need to regularly check your SPO2 levels in the comfort of your home. This practice is called pulse oximetry and is also recommended for individuals diagnosed with new respiratory illnesses like COVID-19.
Pulse oximetry entails a straightforward, painless procedure that involves no invasive measures. It aims to determine whether your blood is adequately oxygenated and whether supplementary oxygen is required.
In some cases, particularly in mild instances, individuals might not be aware if their oxygen levels need a boost. This is where a pulse oximeter becomes invaluable, offering insights into the status of your blood oxygen levels.
A pulse oximeter is a compact handheld device designed to estimate your oxygen levels by assessing your SPO2 levels. This oxygen monitoring device is equipped with an integrated electronic processor and two light-emitting diodes – one red and the other infrared – emitting light at distinct wavelengths. Placed on the tip of your index finger, it emits light through the blood in your finger, gauging variations in light absorption between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.
The device generates readings that provide an approximation of your blood oxygen levels. These readings can be interpreted as follows:
We are Portea, a provider of comprehensive healthcare services. Our offerings encompass home care nursing, doctor consultations, in-home physiotherapy, and caregiver services. These services are designed to cater to various medical needs, ensuring that patients receive expert care and support in the comfort of their homes. We also offer Oxygen concentrators as well as pulse oxymeters for rent as well as offer purchase options.
When selecting the appropriate equipment for home healthcare, such as oxygen-related devices, informed decision-making is paramount. To aid in this process, we present a breakdown of information about these essential tools:
In both cases, making informed decisions ensures you acquire devices that effectively meet your medical needs.
Several devices can be used for oxygen therapy at home to provide supplemental oxygen to individuals who require it. Some of these devices include:
It’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before selecting an oxygen therapy device for home use. The choice of device will depend on the patient’s medical condition, oxygen requirements, and mobility needs.
Yes, sleeping with a portable oxygen concentrator is possible and beneficial for health and well-being. Many individuals using an oxygen concentrator while sleeping have reported positive impacts.
For optimal results, the middle finger of your right hand is considered the best choice when using a pulse oximeter. It’s advised to remove nail polish and ensure your fingers aren’t cold, as cold fingers might affect the accuracy of readings. Studies suggest that the middle finger on your right hand tends to yield the most accurate and consistent readings for pulse oximetry.
Hypoxia, characterized by insufficient oxygen levels in body tissues, manifests through symptoms including confusion, restlessness, laboured breathing, rapid heart rate, and bluish skin. Individuals with chronic heart and lung conditions are particularly susceptible. It’s crucial to note that hypoxia can escalate to life-threatening levels, necessitating prompt attention and intervention.
An oxygen concentrator extracts ambient air, removes nitrogen, and delivers the concentrated oxygen through a nozzle. However, these devices typically provide around 90 to 95 per cent pure oxygen, not 100 per cent.
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