nursing management of the fracture at home

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nursing management of the fracture

A hand fracture is a type of fracture wherein the tiny bones phalanges or fingers and the bones in the interior of the metacarpals or hands are involved. A hand might be crushed or fractured owing to damage by a collapse, direct contact or a twisting injury. Normally, a hand break will restore health with therapy. Based on the location and the type of fracture, the fracture nursing care plan for the left or right hand will incorporate wearing a cast, utilizing a splint or using straps under. For certain fractures that involve bone dislocation and the bones not lining up precisely, surgery might be necessary to realign the bone pieces.

symptoms and signs of the fracture

  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Deformity
  • Tenderness or pain
  • Helplessness to move fingers
  • Shorter finger than normal, owing to fracture since the wounded finger scissors or spans on the neighbour whilst generating a tight fist. 
  • The knuckle might appear sunken in. This happens due to the angulation of displacement of the metacarpal bone.

types of fractures

  • Boxer’s fracture

This fracture occurs at the end of the bone nearby the little finger’s knuckle. This fracture type happens when you punch against a surface using a fist wherein contact is made by your little finger knuckle. Your cracks can be fixed in a cast to help stabilise your fracture. A reduction process might be necessary to help push back your fracture into alignment if your knuckle is bent. 

  • Colles fracture

This fracture occurs in one or even both forearm bones just above your wrist. This fracture type happens when you attempt to grab yourself by stretching your hands and arms to reduce the effects of landing on the floor when you fall forwards. The therapy for nursing management of a child with fracture incorporates immobilizing your wrist and arm. Surgery is needed if your fracture is dislocated or intense.  

  • Distal radial fracture

The ulna and radius are the two bones that are present in your forearm. A fracture that happens at the conclusion of the bone in the region of the wrist, or a crack of your distal end of the radius, is owing to falling on an outspread hand. The treatment alternatives differ based on the fracture’s seriousness. The doctor might have to realign the bone ends and use a brace or a plaster if your fracture causes an arm dislocation.

  • Elbow fracture

This fracture happens when your elbow joint bones that have the upper arm bone or the humerus, the bigger forearm bones in your radius and elbow [the ulna] or the smaller forearm bones endure a fracture. Certain sports are susceptible to this condition for injury; soccer, basketball, wrestling, hockey, and softball. 


Imaging, X-rays and various other investigations are necessary for a physician to make a diagnosis of the fracture and to determine the treatment for the fracture nursing care plan. Based on the fracture type, he/she may suggest any one of the following treatments.

A cast or splint can be utilized in treating a stable fracture. For numerous unstable fractures, wherein there is a dislocated bone, the doctor might require putting in an alignment and keeping it in place with wires or pins and covering using a cast to help immobilize them and heal. This can be carried out without surgery too. Critical fractures may need surgery in order to position the bone together and grasp the bone fragments in place with pins, plates, or screws. 

Bone might be crushed or damaged at times, and under these circumstances, the bone cannot be fixed without the usage of a bone graft. A bone has to be taken from another body area for this process. 

nursing management care plan for fractures

In general, a nursing management of fracture plan depends on the prevention of complications. The nursing assistants can handle the individual’s pain and prevent complications by carrying out a precise nursing assessment regularly. Trauma care entails evaluations, triage, breathing, air circulation, examining the level of consciousness and guarding the spine. 

here are some nursing care programs and diagnoses for fractures. 

Risk for trauma – falls

The nursing assistant will help maintain limb rest or bed rest as indicated. He/she will offer support to joints below and above the fracture site, particularly when turning and moving. 

The peril of peripheral neurovascular dysfunction

During nursing management of fracture neck of femur, the nurse aide will carry out neurovascular assessments, note alterations in sensory and motor function and ask the person to localize discomfort and pain. 

Intense pain

Whilst carrying out hip fracture nursing management, the assistant will use pain scales based on cognitive level and age to evaluate the pain severity. The nurse will evaluate the characteristics, location and pain frequency too. 

The danger of impaired gas exchange

The assistant will note down the development of hyperresonnant, unequal sounds, rhonchi, crackles, croupy or inspiratory crowing sounds or wheezes in nursing management of elderly with fracture of femur. 

Damaged skin integrity

During the nursing management of a child with fracture, nurse aide will assess the skin for foreign bodies, open wounds, bleeding, rashes, duskiness, discolouration, and blanching. 

Damaged physical mobility

Physical immobility will rely on the severity and location of the fracture and the swelling and pain. Interventions will be ascertained based on what the individual cannot and can do for themselves. 

Possibility of infection

The nursing assistant will examine the skin for any pre-existing irritation or ruptures in continuity and also instruct the individual not to tap or stroke the insertion sites. 

Risk for injury

The nursing aide will evaluate the type and reason for traction, its extremity, or the body part that is affected. 

Deficient awareness

The assistant will offer a knowledge base using which the patient can make well-informed choices. 

exercises for fracture healing

  • Flexion – you need to gently bend the wrist forward and hold it for 5 minutes. You must do 2 sets of 15.
  • Extension – you need to gently bend the wrist backwards and hold it in place for 5 minutes. You must carry out 2 sets of 15.
  • Side to side – you need to move the wrist gently in a side-to-side motion (handshake motion) and hold it for 5 minutes in every direction. You must do this in 2 sets of 15.

strengthening exercises

  • Opposition elongates – you must rest your hands on a table and keep the palm up. Rotate the head tip to the fingertip and hold it for 5-6 minutes and then release. Repeat it 10 times.
  • Grip strengthening – you need to squeeze a rubber ball and hold it for 5 minutes. Repeat this set of 15.

how portea helps in recovering from a fracture?

As your recovery is guaranteed by nursing care post-operation, postoperative care plays a vital role in the curing procedure. Post-operative care for some people may be easy. However, it might be long-term or short-term or might involve surgery for some people. When it comes to post-operative care for the long term, you are better off when you stay at home and receive the appropriate care. 

Portea offers in-home nursing care for fractures. In certain cases, their nurse might stay with your loved ones throughout the day for monitoring your condition and attending to your needs. If you need proper nursing care for fracture treatment, you can trust Portea as they promise a quick and satisfactory recovery of the person in the fastest and most effective way possible. 


Q – How do you reduce swelling from a fracture?

A – You can make use of cold therapy systems, and ice packs to offer some cold to the area that was affected. You can apply colds multiple times throughout the day for nearly 30 minutes every time to reduce the swelling, particularly in the first few days following an injury. 

Q – What causes swelling after a fracture?

A – Swelling occurs as a result of the amplified movement of white blood cells and fluid into the area of injury. The chemical release and the nerve compression in that area are what causes pain. 

Q – What is a major fracture?

A – An open or compound fracture is the most severe fracture. This happens when your bone penetrates your skin when it fractures. Surgery is typically called for when it comes to nursing management of open fracture owing to the infection risk and its severity. 

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Reba Mukherjee

We found Nurse Jeesha to be competent dedicated and with a friendly and adjustable disposition. We would highly recommend her.


Mr. V V Venkatachalam

Good morning Joji. We would like to share extremely positive feedback regarding Abhijit with you. He was phenomenal! Please consider making him a permanent staff with Portea. Respectful, kin....

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Apeksha Pandey

First of all I would like to thank you with all my heart for the nursing care you provided me that I could ever imagine during this difficult time.
Thank you for putting yourself on the f....

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