Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common form of sleep apnea and is a potentially serious obstructive sleep disorder that can lead to a myriad of health complications. Obstructive sleep apnea is characterised by repetitive shallowness of breath and even pausing of the breath during sleep. These episodes breath interruptions are called apneas and can last for 20 to 40 seconds at a time but, can occur several times during one sleep cycle. Loud snores are the most common symptom of Obstructive sleep apnea.
The common symptoms and signs of Obstructive sleep apnea are as follows;
Obstructive sleep apnea in adults is the result of the throat muscles relaxing during sleep causing the soft tissue wall to collapse and block the airway leading to shallow breathing and even cessation of breathing for a short period of time which is broken by the brain when it notices the pause of breath. This period of apnea repeat themselves several times leading to disturbed sleep, fatigue even after a full night of sleep and other health complications.
Enlarged tonsils and adenoids are the chief cause behind Obstructive sleep apnea in children. The symptoms of Obstructive sleep apnea in children are usually mild and children usually grow out of Obstructive sleep apnea naturally.
The varied health complications caused due to Obstructive sleep apnea are as follows;
The diagnosis of Obstructive sleep apnea is done on the basis of a patient’s hereditary and tests namely;
The Obstructive sleep apnea treatment involves several treatment options from making lifestyle changes to therapies, the use of medical equipments to aid breathing and finally surgery.
Lifestyle changes – People with Obstructive sleep apnea are often advised to make subtle lifestyle changes like quitting smoking and alcohol, daily practising some exercises and losing weight.
There are several types of obstructive sleep apnea surgery that help in alleviating Obstructive sleep apnea. The varied surgical procedures adopted for treating Obstructive sleep apnea are as follows;
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