Apnoea is a Greek word meaning ‘want of breath’ and as such sleep apnoea literally means want of breath during sleep.
Sleep Apnoea is a possibly a serious sleep disorder, where a person’s breathing is interrupted or turns shallow several times during the sleep. This also means that the body including the brain does not get appropriate amount of oxygen during sleep. Sleep apnoea also spelled as sleep apnea is characterised by loud snoring, day time sleepiness and waking up with a tired feeling even after a full night of sleep.
Sleep apnoea are mainly classified into three types namely;
The sleep apnoea causes of the different types of sleep apnoea are given below;
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea causes – This form of sleep apnoea takes place when the throat relaxes during sleep leading to the collapse of the soft tissue wall in the throat which then obstructs the air pathway. The brain senses this obstruction to breathing and briefly rouses you up. This sleep interruption is extremely brief but, such interruptions can take place several times leading to sleep deprivation and other disorders.
Central sleep apnoea is a rare form of sleep apnoea and it is the direct result of the brain’s failure to transmit signals to the breath controlling muscles to breathe. This results in the person making no effort to breathe. This apnoea is followed by
This is an even rarer type of sleep apnoea and is the combination of both the forms of sleep apnoea. It is mainly diagnosed when a person undergoes OSA treatment and then CSA emerges out.
The symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea and central sleep apnoea overlaps and can sometimes be difficult to determine one sleep apnoea from the other by looking at the symptoms. The common sleep apnoea symptoms of the both the forms of sleep apnoea are as follows;
Depending upon the symptoms of the disease doctors can prescribe any of the following tests to make a confirmed diagnosis;
Sleep apnoea can lead to the following health conditions;
Sleep apnoea is a serious breathing disorder and must be attended to in a better way to relieve the symptoms. There are some sleep apnoea home remedies that are believed to help with the symptoms of the disease like;
For mild cases of sleep apnoea the treatment only involves lifestyle changes like losing weight, exercising, quitting smoking and alcohol. In more serious cases, sleep apnoea treatment involves medication, therapies, use of medical equipments and even surgery in some cases where relief is not offered by other sleep apnoea treatments.
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