Urinary Catheterization

The need for a urinary catheter is important in case of a bedridden patient who has lost the capacity to move due to a surgery or any other medical conditions. There are a number of scenarios in which use of urinary catheters are must for a patient. With the help of urinary catheterization, a person can remain intact at the place and the pipeline associated with the urinary catheter channelizes all the waste from the body.

Urinary catheterization definition

Urinary catheterization is the medical procedure of introducing a catheter tube to a person’s bladder in order to drain the urine and gather it in the drainage bag attached to it. This process involves the passing of in and out urinary catheterization system. It is known as Intermittent Self Catheterization.
When someone cannot fully empty their bladder that is when they seek out for a urinary catheter insertion. If you cannot let go of the waste from your bladder, it will produce unnecessary pressure to the kidneys. This pressure can result in kidney failure or sometimes permanent damage to the kidneys.
So, it is important to retain and rely on the process of urinary catheterization till the time you regain the ability to urinate on your own. Although most people need urinary catheter care for a short while, yet there are others who depend on the catheters for a lifetime. Generally, the oldies fall under the second category, where urinary catheter care is of utmost importance.

Need for urinary catheters

Generally, doctors recommend you to use urinary catheter care at home:
when you cannot keep control of your urine
when you suffer from lack of adequate urine outpour
when your urine retains back in the bladder

Urinary catheter types

The three main urinary catheter types are as follows:

Indwelling catheters
Indwelling means to reside inside. Similarly, an indwelling catheter remains within the bladders of the human body. Also known as the Foley catheter, it comes in different urinary catheter sizes. The urinary catheter insertion can be done both for long and short-term purposes for urinary catheterization in females and males. The indwelling catheter is inserted through the urethra. Sometimes, the urinary catheter insertion is also done by making a small hole near the abdomen.
At one end of the catheter is fixed an inflated balloon. The balloon is filled with water so that the tube does not slide down and falls from the bladder. The deflating of the balloon is a clear sign that it is time for the catheter to be removed.

External catheters
Also known as the condom catheter, the external catheter is kept outside the body. Basically, it is suitable for men or precisely for people suffering from dementia. This type of urinary catheter is like a condom that is put on the penis head and a tube leads from the condom head to the drainage pouch. These catheters also come with various urinary catheter sizes option. Using external catheters are more comfortable and are less infectious.

Short-term catheters
It is only after a serious surgery that a short-term catheter is required to empty the bladder. After the emptying of the bladder, it is necessary to remove the catheter. That is why this system is referred to as in and out urinary catheterization.

Urinary catheterization at home can be either fixed by a nurse or if possible, you can do it yourself if trained properly. This can be done by inserting the catheter tube through the urethra or by creating a hole in the lower section of the abdomen for the passing of the tube.

Complications of urinary catheterization
According to scientific research, the indwelling urinary catheterization process is the root cause of infections in the urinary tract. Therefore, it is important to take urinary catheter care regularly to prevent infections. The symptoms of urinary tract infections include fever, chills, headache, burning in the genital areas, urine leakage from the catheter, foul smell in urine, pain in the lower abdomen and aches.
Some other minor complications of urinary catheterization process too occur, especially for urinary catheterization female. These could be allergic tendencies for using a catheter, stones in the bladder, blood oozing out during urinating, injury in the urethra, damage in the kidneys, and infection in the urinary tract.
Also, in case of intermittent urinary catheterization, where the catheter needs to be inserted and removed several times a day, there are severe chances of infections as well. To avoid such complications, opting for urinary catheter care at home, with the help of a professional is the best-chosen option.

Urinary catheterization procedure

Be it male urinary catheterization or the process of urinary catheterization female, the process for urinary catheterization at home is same as that of a hospital. It goes as follows:

-Before touching the catheter, wash your hands well with soap and water.

-Collect the catheter (open), a clean towel, lubricant and a container that will collect the urine.

-Use an antiseptic cleaner to wash the tip of the penis. In case of women, the vagina should be dealt with in a similar manner.

-Now holding the penis straight, insert the catheter firmly into the penis. For women, insert the catheter tube in the vagina using gentle pressure.

-While the whole setting is going on, the patient should take a deep breath and settle down in a relaxed position.

-After the urine starts flowing, gently push the catheter a little more inside.

-When the urine stops, remove the urinary catheter gently by pressing the other end of the tube firmly so that you do not get wet.

How can we help?

The entire process of urinary catheterization process is a little bit complex, owing to which we have tried to make the task easy for you. With the help of Portea, you can get professional support for urinary catheter care at home at your comfort. We not only understand the difficulties that a patient faces but also the anxiety that the urinary catheterization at home causes to the family. Therefore, with this thought in mind, we make your post-hospitalization phase a really easy one. With our different programs and customization options, high quality services is something that you can be assured of getting from us.

 

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References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urinary_catheterization

https://www.health.harvard.edu/bladder-and-bowel/urinary-catheterization

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003981.htm

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