nursing care for blood cancer

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what is blood cancer

Content is medically reviewed by:

Dr. Udaya Kumar Maiya (MBBS, MD, DNB(RT), DCCF (Paris), Medical Director, Portea

Also known as leukemia, it is a condition of cancer in the body’s blood cells. Formations of the white blood cells that are abnormal can cause blood cancer. Generally, white blood cells are meant to cure infections but the abnormal ones cause the normal blood cells to malfunction. This causes blood cancer symptoms in people as the blood cells become unable to perform the functions that they are supposed to.

There are many different blood cancer types that are based on the development of the blood cancer stages. Blood cancer symptoms in people most commonly require them to go for blood cancer treatment.

blood cancer symptoms

By analyzing the blood cancer symptoms, the doctors can diagnose and plan a suitable blood cancer treatment for the patients. Mentioned below are some common blood cancer symptoms.

  • Severe pain in joints and the bones
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in people
  • Night sweats and fevers are common symptoms
  • Tiredness and feeling of weakness
  • Frequently occurring infections
  • Bruising and bleeding of cuts
  • Dwelling and discomfort in the abdominal area
  • A loss in the appetite and weight loss in people

If someone sees any one or more of these symptoms, then an immediate checkup at the nearest hospital is advised so that the diagnosis can be done. If the blood cancer is diagnosed, the patient can go for blood cancer care at home. The condition worsens with the progressing blood cancer stages so going for a blood cancer diagnostic test is really important.

blood cancer causes

It is important to know the blood cancer causes and also understand the options for blood cancer care.

Normally, blood cancer causes include the formation of abnormal and immature blood cells in the body. This will cause the blood cells in the body to multiply and grow and cause malfunctioning. Because of the growth of the abnormal cells of blood, the elimination of the normal ones starts happening.

With more and more production of the cancerous blood cells, the healthy cells are not able to perform their usual practice. With the development of blood cancer stages, the immature and abnormal cells continue to increase and replace the normal ones.

Some of the common blood cancer causes include smoking, hair dyes, ionizing radiation, viruses and a lot more.

different blood cancer types

There are many blood cancer types and different blood cancer tests are used for the identification of the different types.

  • Leukemia: The type of blood cancer originating in the tissue that forms the blood
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A type of cancer that originates from lymphocytes and occurs in the body’s lymphatic system
  • Hodgkin lymphoma: This is one of the blood cancer types that happens due to a particular abnormal cell which is known as B lymphocyte or Reed-Stemberg cell
  • Multiple myeloma: This is another blood cancer type that affects the plasma cells in the body that are situated in the body’s bone marrow.

diagnosis of blood cancer

For a blood cancer diagnosis, the specialists got through a series of examinations, medical history checking, analyzing the symptoms and other procedures.

Most doctors recommend a blood cancer diagnostic test for the blood cancer diagnosis. It is with the help of these blood cancer tests that the blood cancer can be identified in the human body. Sometimes few other blood cancer screening tests are recommended for identification of any abnormality.

A biopsy of the bone marrow and Chest x-rays are some other forms of blood cancer screening tests that can be used for diagnosis.

treatment of blood cancer

There is a wide range of blood cancer treatment options available. The treatment of blood cancer usually depends on the blood cancer types, the stages and the age and health status of the patient. Studying of these factors in the lab will also play an important role in selecting the form of blood cancer treatment.

Most people often choose to have a blood cancer treatment at home. In these cases, the nurses for blood cancer care are sent to the home of the patient.

Here are some common forms of blood cancer treatment in patients.

Chemotherapy And Radiation

Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatment methods used for the blood cancer. This procedure is responsible for the killing of the cells that are rapidly growing in the body. Radiation is the therapy which is used for killing the cancerous cells.

Blood Transfusion

Another common form of treatment is the blood transfusion in which the components of blood are added through procedures in order to replace the certain deficiencies that are found in the bloodstream of the body.

Stem Cell Transplant

Stem cells are used in strengthening the immune system of the body. Most people are unaware that the blood cancer also eliminates the stem cells of the body and thus makes the immune system weak. With the help of a stem cell transplant process, the body’s stem cells are replaced and as a result, the immune system of the body is strengthened again. This process is done with the help of a donor’s stem cells.

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