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The medical definition of thyroid cancer defines the disease as ‘a cancer of the gland located in front of the neck, which is responsible for producing thyroid hormone that regulates the metabolism, blood pressure and body temperature of the body.’
Thyroid cancer is the cancer of the thyroid gland. The cancer cells develop abnormally from the tissues of the thyroid gland and are capable to grow at a rapid rate and spread to other parts of the body. It is one of the most curable types of cancer with early detection. Thyroid cancer is more common in women than men and is basically found in the age group above 30 years and with the progression of age the cancer can get severe.
Thyroid cancer types are determined by their histopathological characteristics and as such four different types of thyroid cancer has been identified. They are;
Besides these four main types of thyroid cancer, the other types of thyroid cancer are;
Thyroid cancer symptoms do not necessarily show in the early stages of the disease and as the cancer starts to progress, then do the various thyroid cancer symptoms begin to show more prominently. The common thyroid cancer symptoms are;
There is no clear thyroid cancer causes, it occurs as a result of the genetic mutation of the normal cells of the thyroid gland but, why do these cells undergo mutation is not yet clear. However, there are a few risk factors that are seen as being contributory to thyroid cancer. The common risk factors or thyroid cancer causes are;
The various thyroid cancer tests and diagnostic tools used in thyroid cancer diagnosis are as follows;
Thyroid cancer home treatment involves thyroid cancer care at home by means of diet changes and other thyroid cancer care. The various remedies that form a part of thyroid cancer home treatment are as follows;
Thyroid cancer is the most treatable form of cancer if detected in its early stages. The typical thyroid cancer treatment plan includes surgery, thyroid hormone therapy, radioactive iodine, external radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and injection of alcohol in the cancer cells. What type of thyroid cancer treatment is to be followed depends upon the type and stage of the thyroid cancer.
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