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Anal cancer is the cancer of the anus, which is last part of the large intestine and opening of the rectum. Anal cancer is a rare form of cancer and is often linked to the HPV virus. Anal cancer is typically a squamous cell carcinoma and is accompanied by rectal bleeding and anal pain. Some of the noncancerous forms of anal cancer can also turn malignant or cancerous over time.
Anal cancer is classified into various sub groups based on the type of tumour that develops. Accordingly the varied anal cancer types are;
Anal cancer staging is done only after the patient has undergone certain anal cancer diagnostic tests, which would help the doctor in determining the growth and extent of the cancer, after which the staging of the cancer is done. Accordingly, the doctors then put the cancer in a sub division of five stages from stage 0 to stage IV. The various anal cancer stages are;
The varied anal cancer tests and diagnostic tools used in anal cancer diagnosis are as follows;
After the confirmation of anal cancer through the use of varied anal cancer diagnostic tests, the doctor then might ask for other anal cancer screening tests to ascertain the extent of the spread of the cancer. The anal cancer tests used to ascertain the extent of cancer are CT scan, MRI scan and PET scan
The prime anal cancer causes have been identified to be a sexually transmitted infection known as human papillomavirus (HPV). The presence of HPV has been found in a majority of anal cancer cases and as such anal cancer cause is primarily attributed to HPV. Some of the risk factors associated with anal cancer are as follows;
There are a variety of anal cancer home treatment remedies that can be adapted for better anal cancer care as there is no natural cure for anal cancer. Some of the steps that can be undertaken for anal cancer care are;
Detection of the anal cancer at an early stage is crucial to anal cancer treatment as it boosts the effectiveness of anal cancer treatments. Anal cancer treatments depend upon the stage of the cancer, a person’s preference and their over health condition. The various anal cancer treatments include;
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