Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that refers to a group of disorders affecting a person’s ability to move. The developing brain is damaged either during pregnancy or shortly after birth. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder that affects movement, muscle tone, and motor skills (the ability to move in a purposeful and coordinated way). CP usually is caused by brain damage that happens before or during birth or during the first 3 to 5 years of a child’s life. This brain damage also can lead to other health issues like vision, hearing, and speech problems; and learning disabilities. Cerebral refers to pertaining to disorder related to the brain and palsy refers to pertaining to weakness or lack of muscle control.
Hope you have well understood the cerebral palsy meaning, lets know the causes of it. Cerebral palsy is caused by a deformity or interruption in brain development, usually before birth. In many cases, the exact trigger is unknown. Factors that may lead to problems with brain development include:
Most people born with cerebral palsy are called “congenital” CP. CP after birth is called “acquired” CP. There are 3 types of cerebral palsy:
A cerebral palsy specialist is best able to diagnose the condition. Cerebral palsy diagnosis may be made in the early stages as an infant is known to be at risk for developing the condition because of premature birth or other health problems. To make the final diagnosis imaging tests like Mri (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CT Scan (Computed Tomography), EEG (Electroencephalogram), Cranial Ultrasound might be recommended.
The type of treatments used depends on the patient’s:
As per the cerebral palsy treatment guidelines, the cerebral palsy treatment program is twofold – treatment early in life and lifelong management. Now since you have understood the Cerebral Palsy meaning, it is important to remember there is currently no cure for it. However, the symptoms can be better managed through various types of cerebral palsy therapy, braces, medication, and surgery to allow a fuller life depending upon the severity of the condition. The various kinds of specialists and therapy involved with cerebral palsy are Physiotherapists, Speech Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, Speech-language pathologists, Pediatricians, etc.
Physiotherapy plays a major role in cerebral palsy treatment. This cerebral palsy physiotherapy has been known to help with muscle stiffness, relieving pain and the improvement in mobility through varied specialized exercises. The main aim of cerebral palsy physiotherapy is to help those affected with cerebral palsy achieve full fitness and independence as per their potential.
Cerebral palsy treatment in India has improved by leaps and bounds with the availability of more specialized healthcare and well-trained specialists. With the traditional medicinal approach, there is no cerebral palsy cure. However with progress in medical science and technology, it is now possible to offer stem cells treatment to children with CP. There are non invasive alternatives that can reduce the symptoms as well as slow down the progression of the disease.
There is no current cerebral palsy cure. However, the disorder generally doesn’t get worse with age progression, although associated medical conditions of Cerebral Palsy can sometimes increase in severity. Medical practitioners and scientists are continuously working on ways to find a cure for CP. Some of the recent methods physicians and scientists are testing out, include:
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