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Uterine cancer definition states that when normally, healthy cells in the uterus lining are mutated into abnormal cells which become cancerous, it leads to the growth of tumours in the uterus which is known as endometrial cancer. Women over the age of 55 are most prone to uterine cancer, and this is common in women who have not had any prior pregnancies as well. You are at a higher risk of endometrial cancer if you have undergone estrogen-only hormone-replacement therapy over a prolonged period of time.
Uterine cancer symptoms range from abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, pelvic pains, and pain association with urination and intercourse. Doctors recommend uterine cancer treatment methods like surgical therapy, radiation therapy, clinical trials, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy or even a combination of these – to patients.
There are mainly two uterine cancer types found in patients:
Although age is linked with uterine cancer causes, clear signs of what causes uterine cancer are unknown. It is known that certain factors are linked to uterine cancer causes, and they are:
Uterine cancer tests used for diagnosing cancer in the uterus are:
Your uterine cancer treatment plan will be based on age, your general health and degree or extent of uterine cancer stages. Your doctor may recommend the following uterine cancer treatment procedures to you:
Surgical procedures are intended to remove the uterus and eliminate cancer in its entirety. The process is called a hysterectomy, and robot-assisted surgeries are available these days for the removal of the uterus and surrounding affected tissues. Pain relieving medications may be prescribed to women post-surgery. Fertility-preserving surgeries are available, and it is best to discuss with your doctor regarding possible options based on your uterine cancer stages.
If surgery is not an option for women, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy. High-powered energy beams travel across your body externally and delete cancerous cells from the uterus. It may be applied to the pelvis or the vaginal cavities.
Hormone therapy involves giving patients a high dose of progesterone to slow the growth of uterine cancer tumours. Hormone therapy is available for those who cannot undergo surgery or radiation therapy and is used with a combination of other medications or treatments.
In Chemotherapy, treatment cycles may vary as the patient may be given a single drug or a combination of drugs at different points in time. Drugs or specific medications are given to patients either orally, intravenously (through a vein) or in the form of pills and capsules. Chemotherapy treatment is given after a surgical procedure to remove remaining cancerous cells from the uterus.
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