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‘Esophagael cancer is the cancer of the esophagus. It occurs due to the development of malignant tumors in the tissues lining the esophagus.’ Esophagael cancer leads to difficulty in swallowing, acid reflux, bleeding in the esophagus and pain the esophagus.
Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of death due to cancer and is mainly attributed to tobacco and alcohol use. Esophagael cancer is more common in men than women.
Esophagael cancer types are classified according to the location of it is origin; as such there are mainly two subtypes of esophagael cancer i.e.
Other rare types of esophagael cancer are small cell carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma and choriocarcinoma
Esophagael cancer stages help in determining the extent and size of the cancer, the amount of tumour invasion, involvement of lymph nodes and distant metastasis. The doctors use varied staging system to classify Esophagael cancer stages and this staging system also comes in handy in deciding upon the course of treatment for the patient.
The esophageal cancer stages are classified into 4 stages with stage 0 indicating that the cancer is limited and is limited only to the superficial layer of the esophagus and stage IV esophagael cancer refers to the advanced stage, meaning the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
The major Esophagael cancer symptoms are not visible up until the cancer has spread to over 60% of the esophagus tube, because the onset of the symptoms is triggered by the narrowing of the esophagus tube and by that time the tumour gets into its advanced stage. Some of the common Esophagael cancer symptoms are;
The main reason behind Esophagael cancer causes is the mutation in the esophagus cells leading it to grow and divide in an uncontrolled manner. The actual reason as to why the cells start behaving in this unusual manner is yet to be known. A few risk factors have been identified that contributes to the esophagael cancer cause and they are;
The first esophagael cancer diagnostic tool used is endoscopy. It helps in examining the esophagus and check for cancerous growth and areas of irritation
The second Esophagael cancer test used is biopsy, where a sample of the tissue from the essophagus is collected and sent for testing
Besides the above Esophagael cancer tests, some of the other Esophagael cancer screening tests used are Endoscopic Ultrasound, PET scan and CT scan
Esophogael cancer home treatment involves some herbal remedies, dietary changes and esophagael cancer care. Some of the measures that can be adopted as part of esophagael cancer home treatment are as follows;
Try caffeine-free and clear liquids like tea, ginger ale and lemonade to ease nausea.
To prevent weight loss, get plenty of calories from creamy calorie rich food like creams and sauces, ice cream, and avocados.
Avoid hot drinks and opt for cooler food products to numb the throat like milk shakes, smoothies, ice cream, gelatos etc
Eat small meals and chew properly
Try various relaxation therapies like yoga, acupuncture and deep breathing
Early detection is the key to esophagael cancer treatment but the disease is not completely curable since by the time the symptoms are detected the cancer has already moved into an advanced stage. Nevertheless, with advancement in esophagael cancer treatment, the disease is better managed and relief is provided by means of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
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