nursing care for lymphoma cancer

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lymphoma cancer definition

Content is medically reviewed by:

Dr. Udaya Kumar Maiya (MBBS, MD, DNB(RT), DCCF (Paris), Medical Director, Portea.

It is the cancer of the lymphatic system that affects the white blood cells known as the lymphocytes. These are the cells which help in fighting against the diseases in our body. Further, their role is crucial for maintaining a good immune system throughout the body.  In Lymphoma cancer, the cancer cell begins in the lymphocytes. As it has its presence in the bloodstream, it can spread rapidly to different parts of the body.

For its occurrence, the lymphoma cancer can occur to any individual and at any age but it is one of the most reoccurring cancers in youngsters between the age of 15 to 24 years and in children.

lymphoma cancer symptoms

Generally, the signs and symptoms of lymphoma are a lot similar to common cold but the Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms continue for a much longer period of time unlike a cold.

In few cases, people will have no symptoms but can feel swelling of the lymph nodes. The lymph nodes are present all over the body including the neck, abdomen, and armpits. The swelling is painless.

In most of the severe cases, misjudging the Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms can lead to misdiagnosis which can further complicate the treatment.

Other Symptoms of Lymphoma includes:

  • Fever without Infection
  • Frequent Weight Loss and Appetite
  • Itching throughout the body
  • Persistent feeling tired and lack of energy
  • Feeling pain in the lymph nodes after consuming alcohol
  • Chills and Night Sweats

Additional Symptoms which show the Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma include:

  • Shortness of Breath
  • Swelling and pain in the abdomen
  • Coughing for a long period of time

lymphoma cancer causes

Normally, cancer is caused whenever there is an increase in the growth of abnormal cells and they spread rapidly. Instead of dying, they continue to spread and don’t die like any normal cell does.

The Lymphatic tissue is connected throughout the body. And, if there is the formation of cancer cells in the body, they will develop in the lymphatic system too. Spreading from their base location, they can spread through other organs which are outside the lymphatic system. Most often, Lymphoma spreads in the bone marrow, lungs and liver.

The Lymphoma Cancer Causes are unknown but there is a range of risk factors which are associated with it. 

lymphoma cancer stages

The stage of the Lymphoma cancer defines the extent up to which cancer cells can spread. The staging system is helpful for treating most types of lymphoma. In few cases, even stage 4 lymphoma cancer treatments can be done successfully.

  • Stage I: Any of these conditions applies:

Cancer is found in the lymph 1 node region.

Cancer has occupied the extra-lymphatic organ but not to other lymph node regions.

  • Stage II: Any of these conditions applies:

Cancer occurs in two or more lymph regions on the similar side of the diaphragm.

Cancer spreads through one organ and its lymph nodes on the same side of the diaphragm.

  • Stage III-IV:

In this stage, cancer spreads to both sides of the diaphragm and will spread throughout the body. Most often, it spreads throughout the liver, lungs and bone marrows. Still, Lymphoma Cancer Stages are treatable and patients can also go for lymphoma cancer home treatment.

lymphoma cancer types

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma: cancer affects the lymph node one after another.
  • Non-Hodkin Lymphoma: It arises in different lymph nodes while skipping some of the nodes.

Considering the United States, the lifetime risk of getting the non-Hodgkin lymphoma is around 2.1 percent. And, the risk of getting the Hodgkin lymphoma is around 0.2 percent.

lymphoma cancer treatment

Treatment of the Lymphoma Cancer depends on the stage and the type of lymphoma the patient is suffering from. Any slow-growing lymphoma can be treated by lymphoma cancer home treatment to some extent. But, if the cancer cells are growing rapidly, the following lymphoma cancer care treatment should be adopted.

Biologic Therapy

This involves treating lymphoma Cancer with the help of drugs. This stimulates the immune system for attacking the cancer cells in which the microorganisms are inserted into the body.

Antibody Therapy

In this treatment, synthetic antibodies are inserted into the bloodstream for fighting with cancer antigens.


In this type of lymphoma cancer treatment, aggressive drug treatment is used for killing the cancer cells.


Radioimmunotherapy is used when the doctor needs to focus on the smaller regions of cancer.


Surgery is used for removing the spleen or other organs after the lymphoma has spread throughout the body.


These can be injected for treating lymphoma.

lymphoma cancer diagnosis

Till date, there is little or no recommended lymphoma cancer screening tests. But if a person is suffering from viral symptoms, they must consult a doctor. The doctor will ask the patient about its medical history, family history and will try to understand the condition. The lymphoma cancer diagnostic test can even be done at home.

Along with the physical examination, the doctors also ask for the different lymphoma cancer tests. The inspection process involves checking different parts such as neck, groin, armpits, chin, and abdomen.

Further, doctors will look for signs of different infections near the lymph nodes. And if found, the lymphoma cancer care will be started at the earliest.

how can we help?

Portea offers the best treatments for lymphoma cancer which you can do right from the comfort of your home. We understand how detrimental cancers can be and have trained professionals for treating lymphoma cancer from its roots. With proper medication, advice and professional treatments, we will help you fight lymphoma cancer, at the earliest. We provide the best lymphoma cancer care at home so you don’t have to look any further.  In addition, we have nurses for lymphoma cancer available every single time to make this treatment phase an easy one.

So, don’t be afraid of cancer as long as we are there to support you. Get in touch with us and get the best lymphoma cancer treatments.

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