common causes and symptoms of paralysis

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causes of paralysis 

In people with paralysis, the capability to move their limbs is lost. A patient may experience total, local, or partial paralysis depending on the reason for paralysis, which can be triggered by a wide range of circumstances. There are various kinds of paralysis, and different things can cause paralysis. 

The reasons of paralysis attack can be many. A paralysis attack causes the muscles to stop working. And any area of the human body can be the target of this type of attack at any moment.

When a component of your body loses its ability to communicate with your brain, you experience paralysis. It can take many different shapes, whether short-term or long-term or even appear and then go.

The damaged bodily portions of someone paralyzed due to a birth abnormality or sudden injury frequently have no sensation or movement. A person who has multiple sclerosis (MS), for example, may have numbness or muscle weakness.

Based on the area you are paralyzed and how severe it is, paralysis can create issues with blood circulation, breathing, eating, how well your organ’s function, speaking or eating, sexual responses, or managing the need to go to the toilet.

what are the symptoms of paralysis?

The difficulty in moving any portion of your body, or moving at all, is the primary sign of paralysis.

It may begin abruptly or slowly. It occasionally comes and goes.

types of paralysis

  • Complete paralysis 
  • Partial or incomplete paralysis 
  • Localized paralysis 
  • Generalized paralysis 
  • Monoplegia
  • Diplegia  
  • Hemiplegia 
  • Quadriplegia (or tetraplegia) 
  • Paraplegia 
  • Locked-in— The most severe and uncommon type of paralysis, known as “locked-in syndrome,” causes a person to lose all control of their muscles apart from those that control their eyes.

Your body’s afflicted area could also be:

  • stiff with sporadic muscle spasms (spastic paralysis)
  • floppy (flaccid paralysis) 
  • tingling, numbness, or uncomfortable

how common is paralysis in india

As people’s lifestyles change in the modern day, health issues are becoming more prevalent. The prevalence of diseases in people is increasing along with medical advancements and the development of newer medications. Many people have been impacted by paralysis recently. However, if the right care is given in a timely manner, paralysis can be treated.

Paralysis can target the human body and cause serious damage by rupturing blood flow to the brain if the brain’s blood flow is compromised. The brain’s cells turn inactive within a few seconds of blood flow ceasing. This may cause the person to completely lose their ability to speak, stutter, or remember things.

The second highest global mortality rate occurs due to paralysis, based on WHO research. One person is paralyzed every minute, as reported by the Indian Institute of Paralysis. 90% of these patients in India are not treated with timely, appropriate care.

If prompt treatment is given to a person experiencing a paralysis attack within the first 4 to 6 hours after the attack occurred, the patient might recover completely. Giving the victim prompt care within an hour of the incident can ensure that they recover rapidly. Early intervention can assure that 65% of patients are treated successfully.

what causes paralysis?

There are several possible causes of paralysis.

main causes of paralysis

Some of the key causes of paralysis attack include—

  • A brain tumour can impair one specific part of the body over time, resulting in paralysis.
  • A major brain or spinal injury may result in paralysis.
  • Another extremely typical type of paralysis that impairs the muscles solely on a single side of the face is Bell’s palsy.
  • Paralysis of the arms and legs can result from spinal muscle weakness and even certain motor nerve disorders.
  • The legs, face, or arms may have a sporadic weakness as a result of multiple sclerosis.
  • The temporary incapacity to move during napping or waking up might result from sleep paralysis.
  • The weakness on one side of the face or body may be caused by a stroke or a mini-ischaemic attack.

complications of paralysis

Other physiological processes including respiration and heart rate might be impacted by paralysis. Other organ systems in the area affected may also be impacted by the disorder. Based on the kind of paralysis you have; you could be vulnerable to:

  • anxiety and depression.
  • bowel dysfunction and urinary incontinence.
  • breathing issues, coughing, and pneumonia risk.
  • deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and blood clots.
  • heart disorders and abnormally high or low blood pressure (autonomic dysreflexia, orthostatic hypotension).
  • issues with speech or swallowing (dysphagia).
  • sepsis and pressure wounds (bedsores).
  • sexual issues and erectile dysfunction.

management and treatment of paralysis

Permanent paralysis cannot be cured. The spinal cord cannot recover on its own. Bell’s palsy is an example of a transient paralysis that frequently resolves on its own over time.

Paralysis is typically treated with physiotherapy. Therapies like heat therapy, physiotherapy, and exercise are included to activate the nervous system and muscles. In some circumstances, therapeutic electrical activity is employed to assist the patient.

Therapies, adaptive equipment, and special equipment can be provided by physical, mental, and speech therapists to support paralysis and improve function. These treatment programs can enhance a person’s quality of life and allow persons with all kinds of paralysis to living comfortably and independently. 

The therapeutic approach will differ based on the cause of your paralysis and the way it impacts you.

Your doctor might advise rehabilitation in addition to—

  • adaptive technology that enables you to move or feed yourself.
  • assistive devices— such as wheelchairs, scooters, crutches, and canes. 
  • braces and other orthotic/prosthetic equipment.
  • voice recognition software for phones, lights, and computers.

how portea helps paralyzed patients?

Living with paralysis requires some adjustment. It may drastically alter the way you live, what you do, and how you see yourself. Depression and mental health problems may indeed be driven by these factors.

More and more people with paralysis choose to get treatment in the cozy setting of their homes. This is particularly true for elderly people, who are sometimes too feeble to walk well.

The in-home care specialists at Portea are capable of focusing only on helping those who have paralysis. A group of doctors, nurses, and other experts who have undergone specialized training in treating paralysis-related illnesses and enhancing the quality of life look after them.

Portea offers trained home healthcare assistant services to the elderly in their homes when they require healthcare at home.

You wish to be confident and comfortable that you are selecting the greatest in-home care provider when faced with the problem of assisting with the physical and emotional well-being of your near and dear ones. 

Portea distinguishes itself from other businesses that offer in-home healthcare services by offering exceptional customer service. We are here for you, always working to go above and beyond your expectations, whatever your medical needs may be.

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