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According to the medical tongue cancer definition, tongue cancer is described as red and white plaques or tumours appearing on your tongue. There is two tongue cancer types based on the location of their appearance on your tongue. Oral tongue cancer happens when the lesions or tumours appear on the roof or in front of your tongue while any tumours appearing at the base area are clinically referred to as oropharyngeal cancer. Common tongue cancer symptoms in patients are sores that don’t heal, pain experienced during swallowing, unexplained bleeding from the tongue, persistent tongue ulcers and numbness in the mouth.
Smoking, alcoholism, poor nutrition, and chewing too much betel are common tongue cancer causes in men and women. Tongue cancer treatment options recommended by doctors are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Tongue cancer types are categorised based on their type of appearance and location. There are mainly two types of tongue cancer:
Although the condition is more prevalent in people over the age of 55, specific tongue cancer causes are unknown in the medical community. However, there are certain factors which increase your risk of contracting it:
Your doctor will take a tongue cancer diagnostic test where he conducts a physical exam by inspecting the roof and base of your mouth. If your doctor can’t find any reasons for you exhibiting tongue cancer symptoms, you may be advised to see an ENT (ear-nose-throat) specialist. Additionally, your doctor may recommend the following tongue cancer screening tests for confirming a tongue cancer diagnosis:
Tongue cancer stages in patients will determine the type of treatment their doctors recommend. If your tongue cancer is in its very advanced stages, you may be recommended surgery or a combination of the different treatments based on your age, general health, and medical condition. Here are the following tongue cancer treatment methods for patients:
Either cancerous cells are removed from the tongue surgically by extracting certain sections or the entire tongue is removed if the tongue cancer stages are serious. Your doctor will make a call on this based on your tongue cancer screening tests.
Radiation therapy is used for tongue cancer treatment where patients are given high-powered energy beams on their affected tongue areas. Radiation therapy is used to shrink tumours before surgery in most cases.
Tongue cancer treatment in chemotherapy involves using specific drugs and medications to attack vulnerabilities in timorous cells. The medications used in chemotherapy may be administered intravenous, orally, or given to patients in either capsule or pill forms.
Targeted Drug Therapy uses specific medications to eradicate tumorous cells in your tongue. These medications attack vulnerabilities in tumours and address specific characteristics for effective treatment.
Palliative care is a part of tongue cancer treatment at home in patients. It involves being supportive to patients and nurses for tongue cancer are assigned to make sure patients take their necessary medications. Palliative care speeds up recovery in many cases and ensures that patients enjoy fully functional lives after surgery. It has been proven to be beneficial throughout all phases of tongue cancer treatment.
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