Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture Lab Test

Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture
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Clinical Definition of Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture

Mumps is usually acquired during childhood, triggered by the mumps virus. It is contagious and generally spreads through saliva or by being with a person who has it. It can infect many parts of the body, especially the parotid salivary glands, which are found near the jaw line below the ears. When a person gets infected with mumps, these glands typically have inflamation and become very painful. There is no found treatment for mumps so far. The only way of preventing it is by administrating the MMRV [measles-mumps-rubella plus varicella (chicken-pox)] vaccine during childhood, which would give immunity to the disease.

When do you expect results?

24 to 36 Hours

Why Get Tested?

The Mumps test helps detect the presence of antibodies against the virus.

Reason to take Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture Test

Common symptoms observed are: 

Mumps causes

Muscle aches

Tiredness

Loss of appetite

Fever

Headache

Occasional severe cases tend to have worse case scenarios like: 

Swelling of the parotid gland giving "chipmunk cheeks" 

Deafness

Swelling of the brain, spinal cord, testicles, breasts or ovaries

Pregnancy loss

Rarely death

Preparations Needed for Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture Test

Preparatory instructions before the test *:

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

Sample Required?

Specimen type: Serum (Blood Sample),

Specimen collection procedure:Venipuncture (Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm)

Understanding results of Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture

Reference RangeInterpretation
Negative (IgG)(IgG) 0.35 to 0.5 RFV 0.5 & Above RFV Below 0.35 RFV IgM 0.9 to 1.1 Index Above 1.1 Index Below 0.9 Index

*Relative fluorescence value (RFV)
‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

References

  1. https://labtestsonline.org/tests/measles-and-mumps-tests
  2. https://www.scdhec.gov/mumps
  3. https://medlineplus.gov/labtests/measlesandmumpstests.html
  4. https://www.cdc.gov/mumps/hcp.html
  5. https://cvi.asm.org/content/21/3/286