What is MMR vaccine?

MMR stands for mumps, measles and rubella. The MMR vaccine is an immunization vaccine. It is supposed to prevent against diseases such as measles, mumps, and rubella. It is a mixture of live attenuated viruses of the three diseases, administered via an MMR injection.

Why should you get the MMR vaccine?

Measles, mumps, and rubella or MMR are viral diseases. They can attack you and have major adverse effects if the MMR vaccination is not taken.

Measles

It can cause symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. It may also be followed by a rash that can cover the entire body.

It can also lead to infections in the ear, diarrhea, and pneumonia. Brain damage or death due to measles is very rare.

Mumps

It can cause fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. It can also cause swollen and tender salivary glands under one or both the ears.

It can lead to deafness, encephalitis or meningitis, painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries. Death due to mumps is very rare.

Rubella (also known as German Measles)

The virus can cause fever, sore throat, rash, headache, and eye irritation.

If a pregnant woman contracts rubella, the baby could be born with congenital birth defects.

These three diseases are very contagious. For example, you can get measles without even being near an infected person.

Thus, it is important to take the MMR injection and follow the MMR vaccine schedule to stay protected against these diseases.

MMR Vaccination

Let’s address some of the commonly asked questions surrounding the MMR vaccination.

When to give MMR Vaccine?

It is recommended that the MMR vaccine should be given to infants to immunize them against the disease. Adults may also need the MMR vaccination in certain cases.

 

MMR Vaccine Age and MMR vaccine dose

Children need to take 2 doses of the MMR vaccine. The first MMR injection should be taken during 12 to 15 months of age and the second one at 4 to 6 years of age. For infants who may need to travel when they are 6 to 11 months, an MMR vaccine dose may be given. This is only a temporary fix and the recommended MMR vaccine dose needs to be taken.

The MMR vaccine age largely applies to children but sometimes adults, 18 years of age and older, who are highly susceptible to measles, mumps and rubella need the MMR vaccination.

A third dose might be added to the MMR vaccine schedule if there is an outbreak of mumps.

MMR Vaccine Schedule

As mentioned above, the MMR vaccine schedule has a recommended time frame during which it is necessary to get the MMR vaccination. The MMR vaccine cost is discussed below.

MMR Vaccine Cost

In India, there isn’t a fixed MMR vaccine cost. For a 12 month old body, the MMR vaccine cost can vary from place to place and also depends on the quality of the service provider.  The MMR vaccine cost remains the same for a 4-6 year child.

MMR Vaccine Side effects

The MMR vaccine is safe and can be coupled with other vaccines. Most of the MMR vaccine side effects are very mild and short-lived.

Since the MMR vaccination couples 3 separate injection in 1, each vaccine can potentially cause different side effects that can occur at different times.

There’s a lower risk of exhibiting MMR vaccine side effects after the second dose of MMR.

Some of the common MMR Vaccine Side effects include

After a week to 11 days after the MMR injection, some children may experience a mild form of measles. The symptoms include high temperature, rash, appetite loss and general discomfort for about 2 or 3 days.  Post 3-4 weeks after taking the MMR injection, 1 in 50 children may develop a mild form of mumps. This means that the child may experience swelling of glands in the check, jaw or neck. This lasts for a day or two. One to 3 weeks after receiving the rubella vaccine component of MMR vaccine, some adult women may experience painful, stiff or swollen joints. This can last for around 3 days.

Rare MMR Vaccine Side effects

-Bruise-like spots

– Seizures (fits)

Allergic reaction to the MMR vaccine

An allergic reaction to the MMR vaccine is rare but can be treated and children can make a full recovery. Medical staff who give the MMR vaccine at home or at the clinic are trained to deal with allergic reactions.

 

MMR booster

The second dose of the MMR vaccine is known as the MMR booster. The MMR booster is given to reduce the chances of the child contracting the mumps, measles or rubella.

How can we help?

MMR can be dealt with at home by taking the MMR vaccine at home. Portea is committed to offering world-class medical care in the convenience of your home. Let us know what you need and we’ll send in our best experts to take care of you and your family.

 

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References:

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/vaccines/mmr-vaccine.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MMR_vaccine

http://www.who.int/biologicals/areas/vaccines/mmr/en/

https://www.webmd.com/vaccines/adult-mmr-vaccine-guidelines#1

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