Measles also referred to as rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory systems. It is caused by the measles virus or rubeola virus and is a highly contagious and infectious disease that spreads through the mucus and/or salvia of an infected person. Measles is an airborne disease meaning the virus is spread through coughing or sneezing of an infected person. The measles virus can stay active in an environment for nearly two hours and infect anybody coming in contact with it.
Measles is common across all age groups, although small children under 5 years of age and adults above 30 years are more susceptible to catching the virus. Other risk factors for measles are mal nourishment, immunodeficiency, pregnant women, Leukaemia and HIV infection and Vitamin A deficiency.
There is no measles cure and the treatment is rather focussed on controlling and eliminating the symptoms. However, the disease is only short term and subdues within few days to weeks. Measles still remains the leading reasons of childhood mortality from a vaccine preventable disease.
The measles symptoms typically show themselves 10 to 14 days after the virus has entered the body. The common measles symptoms are the four D’s or four days of fever, three C’s or cough, coryza and conjunctivitis and measles rash. The measles rash varies from red to dark brown in colour.
Measles leads to the suppression of the immunity system that can result in bacterial infection like otitis media and bacterial pneumonia. Other complications brought on by measles include bronchitis, brain inflammation and corneal ulceration.
Measles vaccination is a vaccine given for protection against the measles fever. Since there is no measles cure, seeking prior measles vaccination is much more beneficial than going through the treatment. The measles vaccination is pretty safe and is highly effective. The measles vaccines are available as monodose or multidose comprising of 2 to 5 measles vaccine doses. The measles vaccine is also available as itself or in combination with other vaccines.
The measles vaccine is rarely given as an individual measles vaccine by itself and is often given in combination with other vaccines like mumps and rubella and is known as MMR vaccine. The measles vaccine is also given in combination of varicella vaccination in some cases along with mumps and rubella and is known as MMRV vaccine, but this vaccine is. Both these vaccines are administered by means of measles injection given in the subcutaneous layer of the arm or thigh.
The measles vaccine schedule usually begins with giving measles vaccine at 9 months of age. The next measles vaccine age is 15 months where the MMR vaccine is administered. The next booster measles vaccine dose is given by the age of 5 years.
Measles vaccine is a pretty safe vaccine and if ever there are any measles vaccine side effects then it is pretty nominal like pain at the site of measles injection and fever that will last for 24 hours.
However, there are several avoidable complications related with the measles vaccination like shock, fever, diarrhoea, blood in stool and death. These complications result from the improper storage and constitution of the vaccine. The measles vaccine dose once constituted should be used within 2 – 3 hours and should be kept in a refrigerator to avoid any kind of complication.
Measles vaccine cost are variable and are depended upon the type of the vaccine used. The measles vaccine prices also vary according to the doctor charges and other associated charges, nevertheless, the measles vaccine cost are pretty nominal and the measles vaccine prices average around 500 INR not including the doctor and clinical charges.