elbow pain

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what is elbow pain ?

Pain in the elbow region can be indicative of many issues that will need different plans of treatment. The elbow is a complex joint that allows for a large range of motions. It consists of three bones – the humerus in the upper arm and the radius and ulna in the forearm. Each of the bones has a cartilage padding to cushion the bones during any movement.

Various tough ligaments connect the bones to each other and tendons connect muscles to the bones. All-in-all, there are many moving parts in this joint with as many possibilities of injuries that could cause elbow pain. The pain could be shooting, throbbing, dull, or sharp that can be constant or recurring. It is also important to understand that the kind of elbow pain when bending can be caused due to something very different that elbow pain that occurs when it isn’t flexed.

types of elbow pain

To understand the reasons for your elbow pain it is important to understand the type of elbow pains that occur and common elbow pain symptoms. There are many types of elbow pain which depend on the nature or type of injury your elbow is suffering.

  • One-time Injuries: Elbow pain can be caused by injuries that are caused by one-off events such as an accident, a fall, or a sports injury. This type of pain can be symptomatic of several conditions including a dislocated elbow, fracture, or a sprain. In such cases, recovery should be simple but will depend on the nature and extent of the injury.
  • Wear-and-Tear Injuries: The elbow pain in such type of injury is due to repetitive motions that have caused wear and tear to the elbow joint. This is also known as a lifestyle injury as it is caused by repeated movements that one develops during certain movements and activities. This could include tennis elbowbursitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Diseases: Elbow pain can also be indicative of a disease though it may not be the primary symptom. Such types of diseases that cause pain in the elbow include arthritisgout, lupus, and Lyme disease.

what are some of the causes of elbow pain?

As discussed above, there are many types of elbow pain that are caused by a variety of injuries and disease. Here is a list of some of the most common elbow pain causes are:

Sprains can be caused to the elbow joint if there is overstretching or tearing of ligaments in the joint. Ligaments connect the bones to each other in the joint, in this case, the three bones of the elbow joint. The tendons that connect the muscles of the arm to the bones can be strained that can cause pain in the elbow.

  • Tendinitis: The tendons that connect the muscles to the bones can be inflamed due to overuse and cause elbow pain.
  • Bursitis is caused when the fluid-filled sac that cushions the elbow joint or bursae is inflamed.
  • Tennis elbow is caused by the inflammation of the tendon that connects the muscles in the forearm to the elbow joint.
  • There can be pain in the elbow caused by the compression of the radial nerve.
  • Many types of arthritis can cause pain to the elbow.
  • Fractures or dislocations including hairline fractures caused by stress.
  • Gout causes inflammation in the joints which can affect the elbow resulting in pain.
  • Elbow pain can also be a symptom for rheumatic fever.

how is elbow pain diagnosed?

The diagnosis of the cause of elbow pain will depend on a number of factors. Your doctor will take a detailed history of the pain and other symptoms that you might be suffering from. Based on your history, level of health, and nature of pain, your doctor might ask for other tests to corroborate her diagnosis of the cause of the pain. These tests might include X-ray, MRI imaging, angiogram, and other lab tests.

elbow pain treatment

Elbow pain is best treated by an orthopaedic surgeon who knows the workings and the layout of the joint best. Based on the nature and severity of the injury, your doctor will decide on an elbow joint pain treatment plan. For simple strains or sprains, your doctor will recommend elbow joint pain home remedies such as icing the joint and reduce usage until the pain eases away. If too severe, your doctor might also prescribe low dosage painkillers as part of your elbow pain remedies.

For fractures or dislocations, your doctor will order MRI scans that will lay out the precise nature of the injury. The joint will then be set back into place either manually or through surgery after which it will be secured until fully healed followed by physiotherapy if required where you will be taught elbow pain exercises to bring full mobility to the joint.

Elbow pain when lifting weights can be due to wear and tear or impact injuries. Your doctor might recommend a splint to support the joint while you give rest to the bones and muscles or else surgery will be required to reverse the damaged portions.

For other causes of elbow pain, the actual cause or disease will have to be diagnosed and then treated for elbow pain relief.

when do you need us for elbow pain treatment?

Part of some types of elbow pain relief is performing elbow pain physiotherapy. It involves performing gentle exercises that do not exacerbate the pain while also being enjoyable. Elbow pain physical therapy is important for restoring mobility to the joint while also establishing the correct way to move the joint without straining the muscles and other tissues. Exercises speed up the recovery process by increasing blood flow and maintaining good movement and muscle strength around the elbow. This is where Portea can help with our in-home doctor and physiotherapy service. Our doctors assess and diagnose your condition from the comfort of your home and suggest the best course of action to ensure a complete cure for elbow pain is assured.

how we can help

Our physiotherapists can assist you with your physical therapy for elbow pain as a home remedy for elbow pain or for physical therapy post-surgery. They can assess and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your specific needs. The right exercises can help with strengthening the muscles surrounding the joint and help relieve the pressure off the bones. Incorrectly executed exercises can worsen the problem and lead to further complications.


There are a number of elbow pain causes. Only once your doctor understands the elbow pain diagnosis can he plan your recovery schedule, the timeline of your recovery can depend on the nature of the injury and pain. Do visit the right professional for the best elbow joint pain treatment plans. It is advised that you do not try any elbow pain home treatment without the clearance of your doctor.

Our Elbow Pain Physiotherapists

Dr.CHINTHA LAKSHMI PRIYA – BPT – 6 years experiences

Dr.Neha Suhas Kulkarni – MPT- 4.5 years experiences


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