Rubella is an acute viral infection that is contagious. Also known as German measles, the Rubella virus usually affects children and young adults. Rubella can be transmitted via airborne droplets when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes.
Rubella symptoms to look out for:
The Rubella symptoms are usually too mild to notice, especially in children. The signs appear between two to three weeks after exposure to the Rubella virus. The symptoms last anywhere from 1 to 5 days and may include:
Before you set out to get the Rubella test, do keep in mind that Rubella rash and rash from measles may appear similar. So, doctors need to run laboratory tests to make sure that it is Rubella.
A virus culture or a blood test is performed to determine the presence of antibodies that can tell the doctor whether you had a past infection, recent one or if you’ve taken the Rubella vaccine.
The Rubella vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine. The Rubella vaccination can be taken alone or in combination with other vaccines. Combinations include measles (MR), measles and mumps(MMR) and measles, mumps and varicella (MMRV)
The Rubella vaccine starts to take effect after the first two weeks after a single dose and 95% of the people who take the Rubella injection become immune. The WHO recommends that the Rubella vaccine should be a part of routine vaccinations.
The recommended dose is 0.5 ml for any age. While one dose of the Rubella vaccination is enough, often two doses of the Rubella injection are given.
For children, the CDC recommends the following Rubella vaccine schedule. The first dose should be taken at 12 through 15 months and the second Rubella injection during 4 to 6 years of age.
Any adult born before the year 1957 is generally considered to be immune to measles and mumps. The CDC advises that adults born in and after 1957 get the Rubella Vaccine for adults which is the MMR vaccine.
Women of childbearing age should be given the Rubella injection to avoid passing the Rubella disease to their children. The Rubella vaccine cannot be given to pregnant women or those with very poor immune systems. If females are not immunized by taking the recommended Rubella vaccine dose, it can lead to major birth defects. That can include hear problems, deafness, liver and spleen damage, and mental retardation. If a pregnant woman is diagnosed with Rubella, there’s at least a 20% chance that the child will have some problems. It does not matter whether women take the Rubella vaccine at home or at the doctor’s office, it is imperative that they do.
Some common Rubella Vaccine side effects after taking the Rubella vaccination include:
The Rubella vaccination can also cause some serious side effects such as:
If any one of the above serious side effects occur after taking the Rubella vaccine, you must inform your doctor immediately.
Whether you feel sick after taking the Rubella injection or are suffering from the mild symptoms, here is what you can do to get more comfortable at home:
Usually the symptoms are so mild that treatment is unnecessary but doctors recommend isolation to keep others who may not have their Rubella shot from getting infected.
After taking the Rubella shot, it is important for you to rest. If you have a young child, it is also possible to take the Rubella vaccine at home