The medical definition of knee bursitis or prepatellar bursitis is as follows –
Prepatallar bursitis is the swelling up of the bursa, which sits in front of the knee cap (patella). The damage to the bursa is mainly caused due to repeated stress to the knees in activities like kneeling on hard surface.
Knee bursitis, also referred to as Prepatellar bursitis medically, is the inflammation of bursa or the small fluid sac located near the knee joint. The Burae acts as a cushion and protects the pressure joints, between the knee bones and the tendons, from friction. Knee bursitis mostly affects the knee cap or the inner side of the knee.
A bursa is a fluid sac present between the skin and the tendon and the tendon and bone. It’s main responsibility is to reduce the amount of friction between moving structures. The bursae around the kneecap are of several types and one of them gets inflamed it leads to bursitis. The different types of knee bursitis are;
There are several different knee bursitis causes, few of the common knee bursitis causes are as follows;
Knee bursitis symptoms vary according to the bursa affected, also the knee bursitis symptoms are slow and gradual and get worse with time or due to an injury. The usual symptoms of knee bursitis are swelling to varied degrees, warmth, tenderness and redness of the knee overlying the inflamed bursa. People affected with knee bursitis also complain of pain with walking and stiffness when kneeling and restricted mobility of the knee.
The primary knee bursitis diagnosis consists of physical examination of the knee by comparison of both the knee if only one of them is affected, application of slight pressure to check for warmth and tenderness and the site of the pain and movement of knees to determine mobility of the knee.
Besides the physical examination doctors can also ask for imaging tests for effective knee bursitis diagnosis. The various imaging tests helping in the diagnosis of knee bursitis are X ray, ultrasound, MRI scan and aspiration in cases gout.
The various knee bursitis remedies that can be adopted as part of the knee bursitis home treatment to get some knee bursitis relief is the RICE treatment which is basically resting the knee and keeping it elevated and , applying ice pack and finally wrapping the knee with an elastic bandage to control swelling of the knee. Other knee bursitis remedies that can bring knee bursitis relief are;
Knee Bursitis treatment depends upon the septic or aseptic nature of knee bursitis. The aseptic knee bursitis can be easily treated at home through knee bursitis remedies, medications, injections and knee bursitis physical therapy. However, septic knee bursitis demand advanced medical care and might involve aspirations and surgery.
Medication – the medications prescribed in knee Bursitis treatment are the typical non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and analgesics.
Injection – Cortisone injections can be administered in the knee in cases where medication did not provide desired knee bursitis relief.
Knee bursitis physical therapy – Knee bursitis physical therapy or Knee bursitis physiotherapy are one and same thing and the terms are often used interchangeably. Knee bursitis physical therapy holds an important place in knee bursitis treatment. The various knee bursitis exercises as recommended in Knee bursitis physical therapy are designed to help in the strengthening and stretching of the knee. Also regular practice of knee bursitis exercises have proven to be quite effective in increasing the mobility and flexibility of the knee and reducing pain and stiffness.
Aspiration – The process of aspiration is the pulling out the liquid from the infected knee bursae with the help of an injection. This extracted liquid is used for further examination and also treatment of knee bursitis.
Surgery – Surgery is only done in severe cases of knee bursitis or when none of the conservative treatment brought relief. The surgical procedure will remove the affected bursa to treat knee bursitis.
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