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Muscle is a special kind of tissue that enables our bodies to move. It is under the control of the nervous system, which processes messages to and from all parts of the body. Sometimes the nerve cells, or neurons, that control the muscles become diseased or injured. A person loses the ability to move the muscles voluntarily when it happens. A person in this condition is said to be paralysed.
What is Paralysis?
Paralysis is most often caused by the damage in the nervous system, especially the spinal cord. The damage to the nervous system results in the disabling of the nerves with the loss of motor function or sensory information. It can be categorised as localised or generalised, partial or complete, and temporary or permanent. Any part of the body can be affected by paralysis. The affected areas will not feel any pain.
What are the Types of Paralysis?
Paralysis comes in many forms, and the extent to which a person is immobilised may change over time as physical therapy, changes in health and sheer luck alter the way the body responds to physical damage. Typically paralysis is divided into four categories, though there are uncountable ways that the body can be injured. The four types of paralysis are:
-Monoplegia: Monoplegia is a paralysis that denotes partial or complete loss of voluntary motor function in one limb. Monoplegia affected people retain control over the rest of their body, but cannot move or feel sensations in the affected limb.
-Hemiplegia: Hemiplegia affects an arm and a leg on the same side of the body. Hemiplegia often begins with a sensation of pins and needles, progresses to muscle weakness, and then to complete paralysis.
-Paraplegia: Paraplegia is a spinal cord injury that paralyses the lower limbs. It is a result of severe damage to the spinal cord and the nervous system. It mainly affects the trunk, legs, and the pelvic region, resulting in loss of movement. The affected people cannot walk, move their legs, or feel anything below the waist. Paraplegics are able to regain some functioning with physical therapy, which works to retrain the brain and spinal cord to work around limitations while strengthening muscles and nerve connections.
-Quadriplegia: Quadriplegia or Tetraplegia is a medical condition in which the lower extremities, upper extremities, and almost the entire trunk/torso get paralysed. Some people with quadriplegia spontaneously regain some or all functioning, while others slowly retrain their brains and bodies through dedicated physical therapy and exercise.
Symptoms of Paralysis:
Our sense of movement is controlled by the communication between the sensory nerves and the central nervous system. Disruption of the communication of nerve impulses anywhere along the pathway from the brain to the muscle can impair control of muscle movement and cause muscle weakness and loss of coordination. Muscle weakness can progress to paralysis. Paralysis symptoms can occur anywhere in the body.
Some of the symptoms of paralysis attack are:
-Loss of consciousness
-Clumsiness and numbness
-A Severe headache
-Cognitive difficulties, difficulty writing or speaking
-Changes in mood or behaviour
-Loss of bladder or bowel control
-Loss or changes in vision and/or hearing
-Nausea with or without vomiting
The most common reason for paralysis is the stroke which has the ability to injure the brain and obstruct the relationship with the spinal cord.
The main causes of paralysis are
-Spinal cord injury
-Traumatic brain injury
How is Paralysis Diagnosed?
Diagnosing paralysis is often easy, especially when your loss of muscle function is obvious. Doctors can inquire about the symptoms and family history. Doctors may use X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans or other imaging studies to identify paralysis.
Some types of paralysis are possibly recoverable, either partial or complete. Paralysis treatment and recovery techniques are similar to paralysis from stroke, spinal cord injury, or polio. Because of the medical conditions of older adults with advancing age, it is difficult to recover from paralysis. Researchers around the world are finding various ways to cure paralysis. The treatment of paralysis may include: surgery, physical therapy, occupational therapy, mobility aids such as wheelchairs, braces, mobility scooters, or other devices, medications, such as Botox or muscle relaxes.
At the moment there is no cure for paralysis. Physiotherapy makes the patients possible to be independent and mobile. Treating the underlying causes of paralysis using physiotherapy restores mobility in the affected body part. Physiotherapy for paralysis should begin at the earliest possible time. It will help in improving blood circulation and relaxing the muscles in the paralytic patient. It disrupts the progress of paralysis. Physiotherapy treatment can improve muscle tone and the general well-being of the patient. This treatment is slow and laborious. Daily physiotherapy can help restore movement and sensation in the affected limbs to a great extent. Our in-home doctor and physiotherapy service can help you in this situation. Our doctors access and diagnose your condition from the comfort of your home and suggest the best course of action. They would also recommend home remedies for paralysis.
How can we help?
Our physiotherapists can assist you with your paralysis recovery exercises. How to cure paralysis at home guidance can also be given. They can assess and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your specific need. Being experts in kinesiology, they can come up with the optimal paralysis exercises that you in need in your routine. Practising rehab exercises over and over as much as possible will regain movement after paralysis. Practising paralysis exercises with high repetition makes the brain to rewire itself and relearn how to control your muscles. Believe in yourself for better recovery. Our physiotherapists can give you the perfect guidance.
Preventing paralysis is usually not possible, and most of the time there is no specific treatment. Many people with paralysis have a normal lifespan, even when the condition is the result of a progressive disease. Being paralysed requires major adjustments to the daily living because the muscles a person usually relies on to do certain things no longer work. People may be able to regain the function they have lost through injury to their motor nerves.
Different Paralysis services provided by Portea: