what is chicken pox?
Chicken Pox is a highly contagious infection that is caused by a virus named as Varicella Zoster. People suffering from this type of virus usually have blister-like rash in the body as the first symptom. Although, it is not fatal at times, complications can be seen among patients. The recovery usually takes place in around 1-2 weeks.
chicken pox symptoms
While a chicken pox rash usually helps in diagnosing the infection but before the blister type rash appears, an individual may have the following symptoms-
- High fever
- An ache in the muscles
- Loss of appetite
- The chicken pox symptoms change once the rash appears in the initial stage.
- The rash becomes more prominent covering almost all parts of the body
- Spots, usually in the form of clusters appear in the limb, chest, face, and stomach. Such spots are small in size but are red in color and itchy
- Blisters appearing on top of the spots are usually very itchy
- After 48 hours of developing blisters, it becomes cloudy and a crust is formed on top of that.
- The crusts gradually start to fall off after 10 days of infection.
- During the entire period or cycle, spots may appear in different places and the stage of itchiness, crustiness, and dryness also vary accordingly.
- In rare cases, the following chicken pox side effects may also appear-
- Breathing difficulty
- Painful and swollen blisters
- A person can avoid getting infected by chicken pox virus in the first stage by going for chicken pox vaccination.
chicken pox causes
Chicken pox is a viral infection that is caused by Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) belonging to the herpes virus family. During the primary infection stage, this virus can infect many tissues but can remain in a dormant stage for a long time. After reactivation, these viruses cause infection.
chicken pox diagnosis
By looking at the blisters or rash, the doctor can easily make a chicken pox diagnosis. The doctor also looks for certain other factors while making the diagnosis such as-
- The current health of the patient
- Knowing about the administration of chicken pox vaccination in the past
chicken pox treatment
An infection with chicken pox virus resolves on its own within a week without a treatment. While there is no chicken pox cure, but administering a chicken pox vaccine will help to prevent it. Once a person gets infected by this virus, there is no use of giving a chicken pox vaccine. The body tends to get naturally immune after an infection.
To provide a little relief to the patient, the doctor may prescribe the following-
- Acetaminophen: This composition can be purchased online or from a general medicine shop. A dose of Acetaminophen helps the patients to get relief from a headache and fever. This medicine can also be used during pregnancy. Intake of Aspirin to get relief from a headache may give rise to complications.
- Antiviral medicines: Certain antiviral medications are prescribed to patients who are in the early stage of infection and even for pregnant women.
- Intake of water: It is important to drink water and plenty of other fluids in order to stay hydrated throughout. For children, who cannot drink sufficient amount of water, drinking Pedialyte is also suggested.
- Mouth Soreness: To get relief from mouth soreness, sugar-free Popsicle can help to provide comfort.
- Itchiness: To get rid of itchiness, applying calamine lotion will provide a soothing feeling.
chicken pox prevention
For chicken pox prevention, chicken pox vaccine is administered to children. The chicken pox vaccination is given routinely to children in the United States. In India, the chicken pox vaccination is a two-dose course which is given at 12 months and 15 months respectively. The chicken pox vaccine is 90 percent effective in treating an infection.
chicken pox remedies
There are a number of chicken pox remedies that can be applied in various chicken pox stages. Some of the common ones are as follows-
- Applying calamine lotion: Due to the presence of zinc oxide, this lotion provides a calm and soothing effect to the body and also prevents from chicken pox scars.
- Sugar-free popsicles: Chicken pox inside the mouth can be painful. Sucking sugar-free popsicles help in getting more fluid thereby avoiding dehydration.
- Bathing in oatmeal: Taking oatmeal baths can help in getting relief from itchy blisters.
- Wearing mittens: To avoid the temptation of scratching, wearing mittens can act as a solution.
- Using Chamomile: Application of chamomile tea also soothes the itching due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.
These are some of the basic chicken pox remedies that can help a patient get relief and recover soon from the infection.
chicken pox vaccine
The chicken pox vaccine name is varicella vaccine which is a course of two doses. In case of a child, the chicken pox vaccine age is between 12-18 months when the first dose is administered. The second dose is given during 4-6 years of age. The chicken pox vaccine for adults is also a two-dose course and is administered with a gap of four to eight weeks between the two doses.
chicken pox side effects
Generally, all drugs have their own side effects, but the side effects associated with the vaccine is very mild. Some of the common side effects are little pain, swelling, and redness. In rare cases, a mild rash also appears.
how can we help?
Since chicken pox is a highly contagious disease, the chance of infection is higher if hygiene is not maintained while taking care of the patient. To stay safe and to ensure a hygienic environment, take services from Portea. We are an experienced and compassionate team of doctors and nurses when it comes to caring for a patient.
Whether you want your chicken pox vaccine at home or want to get a shot of chicken pox vaccine for adults, get in touch with us and we will be at your doorstep within a very short time. With us, your every medical need will fulfilled at a single place.