DTaP vaccine is injected into individuals to provide immunity against three bacterial infections- diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis), and tetanus. The DTaP vaccination is administered to children less than 7 years of age. To continue its effect, Tdap vaccine is given at the age of 11 years which acts as a booster to offer protection during adolescent and adulthood.
If a child is not administered a DTaP vaccine he/she may have the following diseases-
Administering a child with DTaP vaccination provides protection from developing these bacterial infections.
The DTaP vaccine is a five-dose course and should be given as per the following DTaP vaccine schedule-
All the five doses should be administered following the DTaP vaccine schedule. For children, who are not fit during the time of their scheduled dose should wait until fully recovered. In case a child is suffering from low-grade fever or cold he/she can receive a DTaP vaccination.
There are certain situations when a child cannot get a vaccine. These are-
Some children may have a severe reaction to pertussis in DTaP. In such cases, the next dose shouldn’t be given. However, there is another vaccine called DT that can be administered after consulting with the doctor which will provide immunity against diphtheria and tetanus.
The composition of both the vaccine is the same. Both DTaP and Tdap vaccination contain inactivated form of the bacteria. This means that the dose cannot cause an infection but can protect the body by producing antibodies to fight against the toxins produced as a result of infection by these three bacteria. In a Tdap vaccine, the dose of diphtheria and pertussis is reduced and acts as a booster dose. The Tdap vaccination is approved for adolescents and adults. Adolescents at 11 years of age and adults between 19-65 years can receive a Tdap vaccine.
The Tdap vaccination is called a booster dose because it boosts the immunity that wears off along with time. It is currently advised that every individual should receive a Tdap vaccination after 10 years of the first dose for tetanus and diphtheria. Although there is a booster dose available as Td, it cannot offer protection against pertussis. Therefore, a weaker dose of pertussis is added to Tdap vaccination and is administered as Tdap shot.
There is change in the schedule of Tdap vaccination applicable for people between 11-65 years of age. It is recommended that a single dose of Tdap vaccine should be substituted by a single dose of Td vaccine. A Tdap vaccine is also advised for pregnant ladies between 27 and 36 weeks gestation.
Children between 7-10 years of age who aren’t completely vaccinated against pertussis or who were never vaccinated before should get a single dose of Tdap shot. Again for people between 13-18 years of age who have not taken a Tdap injection before should get a single Tdap dose followed by a booster dose of tetanus and diphtheria after every 10 years.
Vaccines too have side effects like every other medicine. But DTaP Vaccine side effects or side effects associated with Tdap are very less. Although one in a million, but a severe allergic reaction is one of the side effects which shows the following symptoms-
There are other symptoms that may occur after a DTaP or a Tdap injection including–
The Tdap vaccine cost and DTaP vaccine cost varies with the brand.