bed sore care at home

Home Visit

*I authorize Portea representative to contact me. I understand that this will override the DND status on my mobile number.

bed sore care

Bedsores are pretty common for patients who are bound to beds or who are healing from surgery while in bed. A bedsore is another downside of the ICU. ICU patients frequently get bedsores because they are stuck in one position all the time. Additionally, ICU has a horrible reputation for being infected. 

Bedsores are Painful!

The main cause of bedsores is a lack of oxygen (air) to a specific patch of skin. As a result, any of the following cases could result in bedsores:

  • unconscious person
  • bedridden person
  • hospitalization, particularly with an extended stay in the ICU
  • those whose health makes it difficult for them to move around or change positions

Bedsores are often more likely to appear in those with illnesses like diabetes and circulatory system issues. Pressure, friction, and shear on the skin’s surface are additional significant causes of bedsores.

Bedsores, also known as pressure ulcers or pressure sores, are long-term skin tissue lesions brought on by pressure. They primarily affect people who have mobility problems, struggle to walk around independently, and spend the majority of their day in a chair, bed, or wheelchair.

It’s crucial to take precautions against bedsores and seek medical treatment if any occur. Although the majority of bedsores recover with therapy, if they are not promptly treated, they might pose a risk to one’s life.

warning signs of bedsores

Bedsores could result from:

  • Pressure

Relentless pressure on the skin can restrict blood flow and damage blood vessels, which can prevent oxygen and various nutrients from reaching the skin tissue. The tissue may suffer harm as a result of this.

  • Friction

Moist skin can sustain injury if it scrapes against clothing or bedding, particularly the outermost skin layers.

  • Shear

Shear occurs when two surfaces move in opposite ways. When a bed is raised at the head, the occupant may slide down the bed, whereas the skin covering their bones remains in place.

risk factors for bedsores

Patients who find it difficult to switch postures and positions frequently develop bedsores.

People who are more vulnerable include people who experience:

  • Immobility

The chance of bedsores is increased by reduced mobility, which can be brought on by illnesses, injuries to the spine or other factors.

  • Incontinence

People who lack bladder control are possibly more susceptible to incontinence because damp skin is much more vulnerable to injury.

  • Sensory experience is absent

People who have brain or spinal cord injuries and are unable to sense pain might not realize that pressure is being applied to their skin.

  • Inadequate hydration and nutrition

Skin tissue degrades more quickly in the absence of sufficient water, protein, calories, vitamins, and minerals.

  • Conditions that alter blood circulation

Blood circulation can be impacted by diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure, which is believed to increase the probability of getting bedsores.

stages of bedsores

Pressure sores progress via four stages:

  • The touch of the skin is warm. Itchy skin and a colour change, such as redness, are possible.
  • The skin around a severe open sore or blister becomes darkened.
  • As a result of tissue injury under the skin surface, the condition takes on a crater-like look.
  • The skin and tissue have suffered significant injury and may even be infected. It’s possible to see the bones, muscles, and ligaments.

It takes more time for an infected or untreated sore to heal. The infection has the potential to spread throughout the body and do serious damage.

symptoms of bedsores

Typical indications of bedsores include:

  • Touchable areas of skin that are cool or warm
  • Pus from cuts and scrapes
  • Unusual alterations in skin tone or texture
  • Skin sensitivity and swelling
  • The level of soft tissue injury is the most standard parameter used to determine the severity of bedsores.

Where skin covers bony parts and there is less tissue to cushion the area, bedsores are more likely to develop. These consist of:

  • Ankles
  • Back
  • Back of head
  • Buttocks
  • Elbow
  • Heels
  • Hips
  • Shoulders

treatment and prevention of bedsore

It’s crucial to take action to avoid bedsores in home care assistance services. 

Switching positions frequently helps promote healing and prevent the development of new sores.

People might be able to cure sores at home when they are still in the beginning stages. More serious ulcers require medical attention from an expert.

Various further actions depend on the severity of the sore. However, the following are useful general tactics for the prevention of bedsore— 

  • Reduce the pressure 
  • Properly clean the wound
  • Remove dead, infected or damaged tissues
  • Put dressings
  • Apply antibacterial or prescribed creams
  • Address incontinence
  • Check the bedding
  • Take essential antibiotics
  • Take proper diet and nutrition
  • Check out surgical options, if needed. 
  • Keep skin free of extra moisture and well-lubricated

It is advisable to take all possible precautions to avoid these sores and to cure them quickly if they do appear.

Bedsores can become a severe issue since they appear quickly, can take a long time to cure, and perhaps never fully disappear.

how portea nurses and caregivers can help avoid bedsores?

Some bedsores or pressure injuries can be treated by a provider of home care assistance services, but if the situation seems to be becoming worse, a professional primary care giver should be consulted. These experts could be dietitians, doctors who focus on critical care, neurologists, certified nursing assistants, general practitioners, or even plastic surgeons.

In the majority of situations, treating the overall problem associated with bedsores requires a patient to receive care from many doctors while taking numerous medications. The healthcare professional can recommend a specific course of action depending on the severity of the bedsores after assessing their depth and size. Once the epidermal layer is broken, the treatment gets challenging.

Portea offers home care assistance for bedsores and pressure ulcers.

We offer people with limited mobility convenient, affordable, and comfortable home care services. Turn to Portea for prompt care for severe bed sores and pressure ulcers.

Portea Services

Doctor Consultation



Trained Attendant

Elder Care

Mother & Baby Care

Lab Tests

Medical Equipment

Speciality Pharma

Critical Care

Patient Testimonials


Reba Mukherjee

We found Nurse Jeesha to be competent dedicated and with a friendly and adjustable disposition. We would highly recommend her.


Mr. V V Venkatachalam

Good morning Joji. We would like to share extremely positive feedback regarding Abhijit with you. He was phenomenal! Please consider making him a permanent staff with Portea. Respectful, kin....

Read More

Apeksha Pandey

First of all I would like to thank you with all my heart for the nursing care you provided me that I could ever imagine during this difficult time.
Thank you for putting yourself on the f....

Read More