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Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in the world when compared to prostrate, ovarian, breast, and colon cancers combined. When cells grow abnormally in either of the two lungs or both, they end up creating tumours through the rapid division of lung tissues – the basic lung cancer definition. As these tumours grow bigger and larger in number, they prevent proper functioning of the lungs by undermining its capacity to receive oxygen through the bloodstream.
Advanced lung cancers become inoperable while early lung cancer stages that are localised have a five-year survival rate of roughly 54%. Non-cancerous lung cancers are treatable and not as lethal as their counterpart cancerous cells in patients. Lung cancer symptoms in patients range from chest pain to shortness of breath, wheezing, unexplained weight loss, headaches and bone pain.
Lung cancer types are categorised based on the types of cells they originate from. There are mainly two lung cancer types which are Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. The distinction between the two is their microscopic and non-microscopic sizes, and each of them is treated in different ways. Here’s what you have to know about them:
Lung cancer affects both those who are exposed to tobacco and secondary smoke. Here are the lung cancer causes in patients:
Lung cancer diagnosis occurs mostly in people of ages 50 and above. If you’ve been smoking since your early years and you’re ordinarily healthy, it’s a good idea to get screened. Your doctor may recommend the following lung cancer tests for identifying the lung cancer types you have:
Your doctor may recommend lung cancer treatment based on its stage, your health, medical profile and age. Many variables are involved and some patients to choose to avoid treatment and opt for comfort care instead. Either way, these are the following lung cancer treatment options available to patients:
Immunotherapy is an option for those with advanced lung cancer where immune checkpoint inhibitors play a role in attacking cancer cells buy unbinding them from immune system cells.
Radiation therapy involves using X-rays and proton energy-based beams to eliminate cancer cells from the body. The machine hovers over the body. Radiation therapy may sometimes be combined with chemotherapy is surgery is not an option. This treatment method is used before and after a surgery.
In chemotherapy, doctors prescribe patients drugs to eliminate cancer cells. These may be administered orally or intravenously, and treatment lasts over weeks or months with short breaks in between for recovery. This treatment method is used after surgeries.
A lung cancer surgery will involve removing timorous sections of the lung along with some marginal tissue. There are different types of lung cancer surgery available such as:
Palliative care is basically supportive or comfort care which patients receive after surgery. The doctor works with a patient to reduce signs and lung cancer symptoms to make sure they feel comfortable and supported after the usual treatment.
If you’re undergoing surgery and seeking palliative care for your rehab, our healthcare professionals will assist you with that by visiting your home. From beginning with breathing exercises, yoga, and mindfulness, our professionals ensure that you receive the physiological and psychological support you need post-surgery. From guiding you through nutrition and physical therapy, we take care of patients by providing lung cancer care at home.
Mr. Raj Shekhar
Age 32, Chennai
My father had a surgery and required regular healthcare services. Portea has greatly helped him with their in-home healthcare services.
We are very pleased to say that ,we are lucky to have been served by very good hospitality at home provided by Portea Team of Kolkata co-ordinated by Ms. Reshma Yasmin. We are very satisfied and feel blessed to get served by you from 01/03/2019 at our home Liluah Howrah till 28/03/2019. We are very happy and feel secure by getting served by you.
ANN (Anita, Rena , Sa)
Mr Lakshmi Narayan Triwedi
Coordinator Joji worked very well and coordinating in a very well manner, which is appreciated. Nursing Attendant Staff Zafar Shaikh was very well and never troubled the . customer and helped the patient alot. He is an Asset of Portea.